Chap. 19.
 As a matter of fact,
only twelve days before. It was on
the 2nd or 3rd of January that the troops of Lower and Upper
Germany proclaimed Vitellius. Galba fell to Otho on January
 L. Salvius Otho Titianus, Otho’s elder brother.
 There were two legions
in Dalmatia, two in Pannonia,
three in Moesia, and two in Spain (see Summary, note 3).
 Cp. chap. 8.
 This included Savoy,
Dauphine, part of Provence or
 Legs. V Macedonica, X Fretensis, XV Apollinaris.
 IV Scythica, VI Ferrata, XII Fulminata, and III Gallica.
 Since Claudius the great
imperial bureaux, the posts of
private secretary, patronage-secretary, financial secretary,
&c., had all been held by freedmen. Cp. chap. 58.
 Otho and Titianus would
naturally have held it for four
 Vopiscus presumably
came from Vienne, which had espoused
the cause first of Vindex, then of Galba. Cp. chap. 65.
 Not to be confused with Vespasian’s brother.
 Grandfather of the Emperor Antoninus Pius.
 Name uncertain in MS.
 i.e. to be accused
of ‘treason’ was in these days to win
public sympathy, even though the defendant were guilty of
offences under other more useful statutes.
 Seville and Merida.
 As the rest of this
sentence refers to Spain and
Portugal it has been proposed to read for Lingones Lusones,
a Celtiberian tribe round the sources of the Tagus. The
Lingones were devoted to the cause of Vitellius. (See chap.
 They had been thrown
down by the populace, when Nero,
after divorcing Antonia, was shamed—or frightened—into
taking her back. (Cp. chap. 13.)
 They lived between the
Dnieper and the Don, to the north
of the Sea of Azov.
 This would depict him
in full triumphal garb. But only
the emperor could actually hold a triumph, since it was under
his auspices that his generals fought.
 Cohors civium Romanorum. See note 130.
 The meaning of the title
praefectus legionis is
doubtful. It seems most likely to mean the same as praefectus
castrorum, an officer who superintended the camp and
sometimes acted as second-in-command (cp. ii. 89). The post
was one to which senior centurions could rise. At this period