Perhaps ‘in wedge-formation’ (see note 283).
 Cp. iv. 26.
 Bructeri, Tencteri, &c. (cp. iv. 23).
 Cp. ii. 11.
 Cp. iii. 44.
 They had been newly enrolled (see iv. 68).
 i.e. the Roman
army of occupation which had joined the
Gauls and come over again.
 See note 522.
 Chap. 14.
 Stationed in the Rhine (see chap. 21).
 Cp. iv. 68.
 Cp. iv. 79.
 ? Cleves.
 This mole, begun by
Drusus in A.D. 9, was built out from
the left bank of the Rhine near Cleves. It turned most of the
water into the Lek, thus making the island easily accessible
from the Roman side and barring access from the north. Civilis
now reversed this position. His friends were now on the north.
The swollen Waal would be an obstacle to the Romans.
 i.e. the Waal.
 See iii. 35.
 These places cannot
be certainly identified. They must
have lain on the south of the Waal, probably east and west of
 Across the now swollen Waal.
 See iv. 70.
 Which he had found on his way.
 Marching along the bank.
 Pitched on the left
bank somewhere between Novaesium and
Vetera. The German assailants were probably Tencteri.
 Dividing the different portions of the camp.
 Cp. iv. 61.
 Cp. ii. 16.
 See chap. 22 and iv.
16 and 79. But the ships captured
by Civilis were not small craft. Perhaps luntres is here
repeated from the preceding sentence by mistake for naves or
 The de Noord channel
carries the combined waters of the
Maas and the Waal into the Lek a few miles above Rotterdam.
From the point of this confluence to the sea the Lek takes the
name of Maas.
 Into the country of the Frisii up toward the Zuyder Zee.
 To make his party suspect
that he was in league with the
 Cp. iv. 65.
 i.e. by betraying Civilis to them.
 Tacitus remarks in the
Germania (chap. 29) that the
Batavi do not suffer the indignity of paying tribute, but,
‘like armour and weapons are reserved for use in war.’
 Cp. iv. 13.
 Perhaps the Neue Yssel, near Arnhem.
 Cp. iv. 13, 32.