See chap. 36.
 Cp. ii. 14.
 i.e. he was to
prevent any incursions from Germany along
the frontier of his canton, between Bingen and Coblenz.
 At Mainz.
 Chap. 18.
 These tribes lived between
the Maas and the Scheldt, and
the Marsaci were round the mouth of the Scheldt.
 Civilis, again besieging Vetera (chap. 36).
 i.e. from the rest
of Vocula’s force, which they had not
 The Aedui, one of the
most powerful of the Gallic
tribes, living between the Saone and the Loire had revolted in
A.D. 21, and held out for a short time at their chief town
 This had only been granted
to a few tribes who had
helped in crushing Vindex (see i. 8 and 51). The Treviri and
Lingones had been punished. But it is a good rhetorical point.
 His presumption took away his breath.
 i.e. artificially reddened according to a Gallic custom.
 Cp. chap. 69.
 Under Vespasian she
inspired another rebellion and was
brought as a captive to Rome, where she aroused much polite
 From the standards.
 Claudius the Holy; lucus a non lucendo.
 An auxiliary squadron
of Italian horse, originally
raised, we may suppose, by a provincial governor who was a
native of Picenum.
 The Ubii were distrusted
as having taken the name
Agrippinenses and become in some degree Romanized. The town
was strongly walled, and Germans from outside only admitted on
payment and under Roman supervision.
 See chap. 21.
 Not, of course, to be
taken literally. ’The Germans do
no business public or private except in full armour,’ says
Tacitus in the Germania. So to them ‘unarmed’ meant
 i.e. the veterans
whom Agrippina had sent out to her
birthplace in A.D. 50.
 West of the Ubii, between the Roer and the Maas.
 See chap. 56.
 Cp. chap. 55.
 e.g. the inscriptions
recording the terms of alliance
granted to the Lingones by Rome.
 Round Vesontio (Besancon).
 The story, which Tacitus
presumably told in the lost
part of his History, dealing with the end of Vespasian’s
reign, is mentioned both by Plutarch and Dio. Sabinus and his
wife lived for nine years in an underground cave, where two
sons were born to them. They were eventually discovered and