This incident was probably
commonplace. See the story from Plutarch (ii. 46, note 316),
which is also told by Suetonius and Dio.
 The prefects of the Guards (cp. ii. 92).
 At Misenum. (Leg.
II Adjutrix.) The Ravenna marines were
on the Flavian side (see chap. 50).
 i.e. the rest of
the Guards (2), with the city garrison (4),
and police (7) (cp. ii. 93).
 i.e. granting them
special privileges denied to other
communities in the same province.
 A sort of ‘half-way
house to Roman citizenship’. Full
commercial rights were included but not those of
intermarriage. It was possible for individual citizens in a
Latin town to obtain the full rights of a Roman.
 Dio makes them vultures
and the scene a sacrifice: they
scattered the victims and nearly knocked Vitellius off his
 Described in the following chapter.
 He had succeeded Bassus (iii. 12).
 Near the mouth of the Liris.
 Horace’s ‘Anxur
perched on gleaming rocks’. It lay near
the Pontine marshes on the Appian way.
 Priscus and Varus (see chap. 55).
 i. 62, ii. 62.
THE PASSAGE OF THE APENNINES
The occupation of Mevania had terrified Italy with the 59 prospect of a revival of the war, but Vitellius’ cowardly retreat sensibly strengthened the popularity of the Flavian party. The Samnites, Pelignians, and Marsians were now induced to rise. They were jealous of Campania for stealing a march on them, and the change of masters, as so often happens, made them perform all their military duties with the utmost alacrity. But in crossing the Apennines Antonius’ army suffered severely from the rough December weather. Though they met with no opposition, they found it hard enough to