The First Book of Farming eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 187 pages of information about The First Book of Farming.
Table of Contents
Section Page

Start of eBook1
PART II1
GLOSSARY 2413
PART I5
THE FIRST BOOK OF FARMING5
PART I5
CHAPTER I5
INTRODUCTION TO PLANTS5
CHAPTER II8
USES OF ROOTS TO PLANTS8
HABIT OF GROWTH OF ROOTS9
CONDITIONS NECESSARY FOR ROOT GROWTH14
CHAPTER III16
RELATION OF SOIL TO PLANTS16
CLASSIFICATION OF SOILS18
HOW WERE SOILS MADE?20
SOIL TEXTURE23
CHAPTER IV23
IMPORTANCE OF WATER TO PLANTS24
SOURCES OF SOIL WATER24
ATTITUDE OF THE SOILS TOWARDS WATER24
THE EFFECT OF WORKING SOILS WHEN WET27
CHAPTER V28
FREE WATER28
CAPILLARY WATER28
FILM WATER29
CHAPTER VI30
LOSS OF SOIL WATER AND MEANS OF CHECKING THE LOSS30
CHAPTER VII32
HOW SOILS ARE WARMED33
HOW SOILS LOSE HEAT34
CONDITIONS WHICH INFLUENCE SOIL TEMPERATURE34
VALUE OF ORGANIC MATTER35
CHAPTER VIII35
CHAPTER IX39
CONDITIONS NECESSARY FOR SEEDS TO SPROUT39
SEED TESTING42
HOW THE SEEDS COME UP43
USE OF COTYLEDONS AND ENDOSPERM44
CHAPTER X44
HOW DEEP SHOULD SEEDS BE PLANTED?44
SEED CLASSIFICATION47
TRANSPLANTING47
CHAPTER XI49
SPADING THE SOIL49
PLOWING50
WHY DO WE SPADE AND PLOW?50
PARTS OF A PLOW50
CHARACTERISTICS OF A GOOD PLOW52
THE FURROW SLICE52
HOW DEEP SHALL WE PLOW?52
BREAKING OUT THE MIDDLES53
THROWING THE LAND UP IN RIDGES53
TIME TO PLOW53
BARE FALLOW54
CHAPTER XII54
HARROWING54
HARROWS55
ROLLING56
CHAPTER XIII57
FACTS ABOUT LEAVES57
THE USES OF LEAVES TO PLANTS58
HOW THE WORK OF SOME LEAVES IS INTERFERED WITH61
CHAPTER XIV64
WHAT ARE STEMS FOR?64
HOW THE WORK OF THE STEM MAY BE INTERFERED WITH67
CHAPTER XV67
FUNCTION OR USE OF FLOWERS TO PLANTS67
PARTS OF A FLOWER68
FUNCTIONS OF THE PARTS OF THE FLOWERS69
VALUE OF A KNOWLEDGE OF THE FLOWER71
FRUIT72
PART II72
THE FIRST BOOK OF FARMING72
PART II72
CHAPTER XVI72
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF A FERTILE SOIL73
BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF A FERTILE SOIL73
NITROGEN-FIXING GERMS74
NITRIFYING GERMS74
DENITRIFYING GERMS75
CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF A FERTILE SOIL75
MAINTENANCE OF FERTILITY77
CHAPTER XVII77
IMPORTANCE OF SOIL WATER77
NECESSITY OF SOIL WATER77
SOURCES AND FORMS OF SOIL WATER78
TOO MUCH WATER78
NOT ENOUGH WATER78
LOSS OF SOIL WATER79
HOW SOME FARM OPERATIONS INFLUENCE SOIL WATER79
HOEING, RAKING, HARROWING, AND CULTIVATING80
MANURES AND SOIL WATER80
METHODS OF CROPPING AND SOIL WATER81
SELECTION OF CROPS WITH REFERENCE TO SOIL WATER81
CHAPTER XVIII83
LOSS OF WATER BY EVAPORATION83
LOSS OF WATER THROUGH WEEDS83
SAVING THE WATER83
TIME TO CULTIVATE83
TOOLS FOR AFTER-CULTIVATION84
HILLING AND RIDGING85
CHAPTER XIX85
FUNCTIONS OF MANURES AND FERTILIZERS85
CLASSIFICATION OF MANURES AND FERTILIZERS86
IMPORTANCE OF FARM MANURES86
BARN OR STABLE MANURE86
LOSS OF VALUE86
CHECKING THE LOSSES88
APPLYING THE MANURE TO THE SOIL88
PROPER CONDITION OF MANURE WHEN APPLIED89
COMPOSTS90
CHAPTER XX91
GREEN-CROP MANURES91
BENEFITS92
CHARACTER OF BEST PLANTS FOR GREEN CROP MANURING92
THE TIME FOR GROWING GREEN MANURE CROPS92
LEGUMINOUS GREEN MANURE CROPS92
NON-LEGUMINOUS GREEN MANURE PLANTS94
CHAPTER XXI95
THE RAW MATERIALS95
SOURCES OF NITROGEN95
SOURCES OF PHOSPHORIC ACID96
SOURCES OF POTASH98
LIME98
CHAPTER XXII99
MIXED FERTILIZERS99
VALUATION100
LOW GRADE MIXTURES102
BUY ON THE PLANT FOOD BASIS103
CHAPTER XXIII103
THE HOME MIXING OF FERTILIZERS103
KIND AND AMOUNT TO BUY103
THE CROP104
THE SOIL105
SYSTEM OF FARMING105
TESTING THE SOIL105
CHAPTER XXIV106
SYSTEMS OF CROPPING106
THE ONE CROP SYSTEM107
THE ROTATION OF CROPS109
BENEFITS DERIVED FROM ROTATION OF CROPS111
THE TYPICAL ROTATION112
CONDITIONS WHICH MODIFY THE ROTATION112
GENERAL RULES112
LENGTH OF THE ROTATION113
CHAPTER XXV113
HOW SURPLUS WATER AFFECTS FERTILITY113
INDICATIONS OF A NEED OF DRAINAGE113
DRAINS114
INFLUENCE OF COVERED OR UNDER DRAINS ON FERTILITY114
LOCATION OF DRAINS115
GLOSSARY116
INDEX119
Copyrights
Project Gutenberg
The First Book of Farming from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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