The English Church in the Eighteenth Century eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 807 pages of information about The English Church in the Eighteenth Century.

[Footnote 713:  See Bogue and Bennett’s History of Dissenters, vol. i. p. 73.]

[Footnote 714:  Bishop Horsley, in his first Charge to the Diocese of St. David’s, 1790, expressly distinguishes between a High Churchman in the sense of ‘a bigot to the secular rights of the priesthood,’ which he declares he is not, and a High Churchman in the sense of an ’upholder of the spiritual authority of the priesthood,’ which he owns that he is; and he adds, ’We are more than mere hired servants of the State or laity.’]

[Footnote 715:  To the same effect in 1777.]

[Footnote 716:  So late as 1780 he wrote, ’If I come into any new house, and see men and women together, I will immediately go out.’  This was, therefore, no youthful High Church prejudice, which wore off with years.]

[Footnote 717:  See Southey’s Life of Wesley, ii. 85.]

[Footnote 718:  Id. 101.]

[Footnote 719:  John Wesley’s Place in Church History, by R. Denny Urlin, p. 70.]

[Footnote 720:  ‘You have often,’ said Wesley to the Moravians in Fetter Lane, ’affirmed that to search the Scripture, to pray, or to communicate before we have faith, is to seek salvation by works, and that till these works are laid aside no man can have faith.  I believe these assertions to be flatly contrary to the word of God.  I have warned you hereof again and again, and besought you to turn back to the law and to the testimony.’]

[Footnote 721:  ’Do you not neglect joint fasting?  Is not the Count all in all?  Are not the rest mere shadows?...  Do you not magnify your Church too much?’ &c., &c.]

[Footnote 722:  ’I labour everywhere to speak consistently with that deep sense which is settled in my heart that you are (though I cannot call you, Rabbi, infallible, yet) far, far, better and wiser than me.’]

[Footnote 723:  And also his strong feeling that the doctrine of reprobation was inconsistent with the love of God.  ‘I could sooner,’ he wrote, ’be a Turk, a Deist—­yea, an atheist—­than I could believe this.  It is less absurd to deny the very existence of a God than to make Him an almighty tyrant.’]

[Footnote 724:  In March 1741 Mr. Whitefield, being returned to England, entirely separated from Mr. Wesley and his friends, because he did not hold the decrees.  Here was the first breach which warm men persuaded Mr. Whitefield to make merely for a difference of opinion.  Those who believed universal redemption had no desire to separate, &c.—­Wesley’s Works, vol. viii. p. 335.]

[Footnote 725:  ‘If there be a law,’ he wrote in 1761, ’that a minister of Christ who is not suffered to preach the Gospel in church should not preach it elsewhere, or a law that forbids Christian people to hear the Gospel of Christ out of their parish church when they cannot hear it therein, I judge that law to be absolutely sinful, and that it is sinful to obey it.’]

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