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This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 665 pages of information about The English Church in the Eighteenth Century.

[Footnote 416:  Whiston’s Life of Clarke, &c., 11, 40; Memoirs, 157, &c.]

[Footnote 417:  Hunt’s Religious Thought in England, 3, 305.]

[Footnote 418:  Id. 312.]

[Footnote 419:  Paley’s Moral and Political Philosophy, chap. xxii.]

[Footnote 420:  Mr. Buxton, Parl.  Speech, June 21, 1865.]

[Footnote 421:  Church of England Vindicated, &c., 52, 161.]

[Footnote 422:  Works, vol. i. 35.]

[Footnote 423:  Quoted in Jortin’s Tracts, ii. 423, and Hunt’s Religious Thought in England, ii. 25.]

[Footnote 424:  Quoted in Malone’s note to Boswell’s Johnson, ii. 104.]

[Footnote 425:  Review of Maizeaux’ ‘Life of Chillingworth,’ Guardian, November 30, 1864.]

[Footnote 426:  ‘Sense of the Articles,’ &c. Works, vol. xv., 528-33.  ‘Moral Prognostication,’ &c. id. xv., 440.]

[Footnote 427:  Answer to Rep. of Con. chap. i.  Sec. 20.—­Works, ii. 534.]

[Footnote 428:  Blackburne’s Historical View, Introd. xxxix.]

[Footnote 429:  H. Walpole, Memoirs of the Reign of George III. (Doran), i. 7, 8.]

[Footnote 430:  Consideration of the Present State of Religion, &c. 1801, 11.]

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CHAPTER VI.

THE TRINITARIAN CONTROVERSY.

In an age which above all things prided itself upon its reasonableness, it would have been strange indeed if that doctrine of Christianity which is objected to by unbelievers as most repugnant to reason, had not taken a prominent place among the controversies which then abounded in every sphere of theological thought.  To the thoughtful Christian, the question of questions must ever be that which forms the subject of this chapter.  It is, if possible, even a more vital question than that which was involved in the Deistical controversy.  The very name ‘Christian’ implies as much.  A Christian is a follower of Christ.  Who, then, is this Christ?  What relation does He bear to the Great Being whom Christians, Jews, Turks, Infidels, and Heretics alike adore?  What do we mean when we say that He is the Son of God Incarnate?  That He is still present with his Church through his Holy Spirit?  These are only other forms of putting the question, What is the Trinity?  The various answers given to this question in the eighteenth century form an important part of the ecclesiastical history of the period.

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