Early Britain eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 210 pages of information about Early Britain.
he settled in Britain, brought with him the Teutonic organisation in its entirety.  He established it throughout the whole territory which he occupied or conquered.  As the West Saxon over-lordship grew to be the English kingdom, and as the English kingdom gradually annexed or coalesced with the Welsh and Cornish principalities, the Scotch and Irish kingdoms,—­the Teutonic system spread over the whole of Britain.  It underwent some little modification at the hands of the Normans, and more still at those of the Angevins; but, on the whole, it is still a wide yet natural development of the old Germanic constitution.

Thus, to sum up in a single sentence, the Anglo-Saxons have contributed about one-half the blood of Britain, or rather less; but they have contributed the whole framework of the language, and the whole social and political organisation; while, on the other hand, they have contributed hardly any of the civilisation, and none of the religion.  We are now a mixed race, almost equally Celtic and Teutonic by descent; we speak a purely Teutonic language, with a large admixture of Latin roots in its vocabulary; we live under Teutonic institutions; we enjoy the fruits of a Graeco-Roman civilisation; and we possess a Christian Church, handed down to us directly through Roman sources from a Hebrew original.  To the extent so indicated, and to that extent only, we may still be justly styled an Anglo-Saxon people.


AElfheah of Canterbury, 168

AElfred the West Saxon, 136;
  his life, 139;
  his death, 140;
  his writings, 216

AElle of Sussex, 24, 30

AEsc the Jute, 29

AEthelbald of Mercia, 117

AEthelberht of Kent, 85

AEthelberht of Wessex, 129

AEthelflaed of Mercia, 142

AEthelfrith of Northumbria, 53, 62

AEthelred of Wessex, 130

AEthelred the Unready, 164

AEthelstan of Wessex, 144

AEthelwulf of Wessex, 124

Aidan of Lindisfarne, 95

Akerman, Mr., on survival of Celts, 59

Anderida, 30, 41

Anglo-Saxons, 8;
  their religion, 16;
  language, 174

Architecture, 155

Aryans, 1

Augustine, St., of Canterbury, arrives in England, 85;
  colloquy with Welsh bishops, 93

Baeda, 61;
  his life, 109;
  his writings, 213, and passim

Bamborough built, 34;
  princes of, 134, 144

Bayeux, Saxon settlement at, 22

Benedict Biscop, 109

Beowulf, 185, 206, and passim

Bercta, queen of Kentmen, 85

Bernicia settled, 34;
  coalesces with Deira, 35

Boulogne, Saxon settlement at, 22

Brunanburh, battle of, 145
  ballad on, 204, 218

Burhred of Mercia, 131

Cadwalla, 92, 94

Project Gutenberg
Early Britain from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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