Scientific American Supplement, No. 443, June 28, 1884 eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 87 pages of information about Scientific American Supplement, No. 443, June 28, 1884.
is at one of the landing stages, the platform is lowered to the level of the rails on the pier, and the carriages and trucks are run on to the deck by means of the small hauling engine, which works an endless chain running the whole length of the deck.  The trucks, etc., being on board, the platform is raised by means of two compact hand winches worked by worm and worm-wheels in the positions shown; thus these two platforms form the end bulwarks to the boat when crossing the bay.  On arriving at the opposite shore the operation is repeated, the other platform is lowered, and the hauling engine runs the trucks, etc., on to the shore.  With a load of 25 tons the draught is 4 ft.

The seats shown on the deck are for the convenience of foot passengers, and the whole of the deck is protected from the sun of that tropical climate by a canvas awning.  The steering of the vessel is effected from the bridge at the center, which extends from side to side of the vessel, and there are two steering wheels with independent steering gear for each end, with locking gear for the forward rudder when in motion.  The man at the wheel communicates with the engineer by means of a speaking tube at the wheel.  There is a small deck house for the use of deck stores, on one side of which is the entrance to the engine room.  The cross battens, shown between the rails, are for the purpose of horse traffic, when horses are used for hauling the trucks, or for ordinary carts or wagons.  The plan below deck shows the arrangement of the bulkheads, with a small windlass at each end for lifting the anchors, and a small hatch at each side for entrance to these compartments.  The central compartment contains the machinery, which consists of a pair of compound surface condensing engines, with cylinders 11 in. and 20 in. in diameter; the shafting running the whole length of the vessel, with a propeller at each end.  Steam is generated in a steel boiler of locomotive form, so arranged that the funnel passes through the deck at the side of the vessel; and it is designed for a working pressure of 100 lb. per square inch.  This boiler also supplies steam for the small hauling engine fixed on the bulkhead.  Light to this compartment is obtained by means of large side scuttles along each side of the boat and glass deck lights, and the iron grating at the entrance near the deck house.  This boat was constructed in six pieces for shipment, and the whole put together in the builders’ yard.  The machinery was fixed, and the engine driven by steam from its own boiler, then the whole was marked and taken asunder, and shipped to the West Indies, where it was put together and found to answer the purpose intended.—­Engineering.

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[For THE SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN.]

THE PROBLEM OF FLIGHT, AND THE FLYING MACHINE.

As a result of reading the various communications to the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN and SUPPLEMENT, and Van Nostrand’s Engineering Magazine, including descriptions of proposed and tested machines, and the reports of the British Aeronautical Society, the writer of the following concludes: 

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Scientific American Supplement, No. 443, June 28, 1884 from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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