Caste eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 249 pages of information about Caste.


The three Mahrattas, Sindhia, Holkar, and Bhonsla, were plotting the overthrow of the British, and the Peshwa was looking out of brooding eyes upon Hodson, the Resident at Poona.

Up on the hill, in the temple of Parvati, the priests repeated prayers to the black goddess calling for the destruction of the hated whites.

Each one of the twenty-four priests as he came with a handful of marigolds laid them one by one at the feet of the four-armed hideous idol, repeating:  “Om, Parvati! Om, Parvati!” the comprehensive, all-embracing “Om” that meant adoration and a clamour for favour.  Even to Nandi, the brass bull that carried Shiva, he appealed, “Om Shiva!”

But down on the rock-plateau, where gleamed in the hot sun marble palaces, a more malign influence was at work.  Dandhu Panth, the adopted son of the Peshwa, had come back from Oxford, and the English believed he had been changed into an Englishman, Nana Sahib.

Outwardly he was a sporting, well-dressed gentleman, such as Oxford turns out; but in his heart was lust of power, and hatred of the white race that he felt would make his inheritance, the Peshwaship, but a vassalage.  His dreams of ruling India would fade, and he would sit a pensioner of the British.  The Mahrattas had been stigmatised by a captious Mogul ruler, “mountain rats.”  As Hindus there was a sharp cleavage of character; the Brahmins, fanatical, high up in the caste scale, and all the rest of the breed inferior, vicious, blood-thirsty, a horde of pirates.  Even the man who first made them a power, Sivaji, had been of questionable lineage, a plebeian; and so the body corporate was of inflammable material—­little restraint of breeding.

And for all Nana Sahib’s veneer of English class, mental development, beneath the English shirt he wore the junwa, the three-strand sacred thread, insignia of the twice-born,—­the Brahmin.

From Governor General to the British officers who played polo with the Peshwa’s son, they all accepted him as one of themselves; considered it good diplomacy that he had been sent to Oxford and made over.

There was just one man who had misgivings, the Resident at Poona.  He was a small, tired, worn-out official—­an executive, a perpetual wheel in the works, always close to the red-tape-tied papers, always.  Strange that one not a dreamer, no sixth-sense, should have attained to an intuition—­which it was, his distrust of the cheery, sporty Nana Sahib.  That Hodson’s superiors intimated that India was getting to his liver when he wrote, very cautiously, of this obsession, made no difference; and clinging to his distrust, he achieved something.

After all it was rather strange that the matter had not been taken out of his hands, but it wasn’t.  A sort of departmental formula running; “Commissioner So-and-So has the matter in hand—­refer to him.”  And so, when a new danger appeared on the distressed horizon, Amir Khan and a hundred thousand massed horsemen, Captain Barlow was sent to consult with the Resident.  That was the way; a secretive, trusty, brave man, for in India the written page is never inviolate.

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Caste from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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