A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels, Volume 16 eBook

Robert Kerr (writer)
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 768 pages of information about A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels, Volume 16.
from E. by S. 1/2 S. to S.S.W., four leagues distant.  The longitude by the time-keeper was 191 deg. 17’, and the latitude 53 deg. 38’.  This will give a very different situation to this island from that assigned to it upon the Russian map.  But it must be remembered, that this is one of the islands which Mr Ismyloff said was wrong placed.  Indeed, it is a doubt if this be Amoghta;[1] for after Ismyloff had made the correction, no land appeared upon the map in this latitude; but, as I have observed before, we must not look for accuracy in this chart.

[Footnote 1:  On the chart of Krenitzen’s and Levasheff’s voyage in 1768 and 1769, which we find in Mr Coxe’s book, p. 251, an island called Amuckta, is laid down, not very far from the place assigned to Amoghta by Captain Cook.—­D.]

At eleven o’clock, as we were steering to the N.E., we discovered an elevated rock, like a tower, bearing N.N.E. 1/2 E., four leagues distant.  It lies in the latitude of 53 deg. 57’, and in the longitude of 191 deg. 2’, and hath no place in the Russian map.[2] We must have passed very near it in the night.  We could judge of its steepness from this circumstance, that the sea, which now run very high, broke no where but against it.  At three in the afternoon, after getting a sight of Oonalashka, we shortened sail, and hauled the wind, not having time to get through the passage before night.  At day-break the next morning, we bore away under courses, and close-reefed top-sails, having a very hard gale at W.N.W., with heavy squalls, attended with snow.  At noon, we were in the middle of the Strait, between Oonalashka, and Oonella, the harbour of Samganoodha bearing S.S.E., one league distant.  At three in the afternoon, being through the Strait, and clear of the isles, Cape Providence bearing W.S.W., two or three leagues distant, we steered to the southward, under double-reefed top-sails and courses, with the wind at W.N.W., a strong gale, and fair weather.

[Footnote 2:  Though this rock had no place in the Russian map produced by Ismyloff, it has a place in the chart of Krenitzen’s and Levasheff’s voyage above referred to.  That chart also agrees with Captain Cook’s, as to the general position of this group of islands.  The singularly indented shores of the island of Oonalashka are represented in both charts much alike.  These circumstances are worth attending to, as the more modern Russian maps of this Archipelago are so wonderfully erroneous.—­D.]

On Monday, the 2d of November, the wind veered to the southward; and, before night, blew a violent storm, which obliged us to bring to.  The Discovery fired several guns, which we answered; but without knowing on what occasion they were fired.  At eight o’clock, we lost sight of her, and did not see her again till eight the next morning.  At ten, she joined us; and, as the height of the gale was now over, and the wind had veered back to W.N.W., we made sail, and resumed our course to the southward.

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