Scientific American Supplement, No. 421, January 26, 1884 eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 108 pages of information about Scientific American Supplement, No. 421, January 26, 1884.

From several points in Athens, on very clear days, may be seen the great rock fort Acrocorinthus, which is directly above the site of ancient Corinth.  It is now a deserted fort; the Turkish drawbridge and gate stand open and unused.  There are on it remains of a Turkish town; at one time it was one of the strongest and most important citadels in Greece.  In the middle of the almost deserted, wretched, straggling village of Old Corinth stand seven enormous massive columns.  These are all that remain of the Temple, and indeed of ancient Corinth.  The pillars, of the Doric order, are of a brown limestone, not of the country.  The Turks and earthquakes have destroyed Old Corinth, and driven the inhabitants to New Corinth, about one hour and a half’s drive from the Gulf.—­London Graphic.



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The Spanish Court at the late Fisheries Exhibition was large and well furnished, there being several characteristic models of vessels.  No certain figures can be obtained of the results of the whole fishing industry of Spain.  It is, however, estimated that 14,202 boats, with a tonnage of 51,397 tons, were employed during the year 1882.  They gave occupation to 59,974 men, and took about 78,000 tons of fish.  The Government interfere in the fishing industry only to the extent of collecting and distributing information to the fishermen on subjects that are most likely to be of use to them in their calling.  In consequence, principally no doubt of this wise policy, we find in Spain a vigorous and self-reliant class of men engaged in the fisheries.  Some of the most interesting features in the Spanish Court were the contributions sent by the different fishermen’s associations, and although the Naval Museum of Madrid supplied a collection of articles that would have formed a good basis in itself for an exhibition, yet in no other foreign court was the fishing industry of the nation better illustrated by private enterprise than in that of Spain.  The fishing associations referred to are half benefit societies and half trading communities.  That of Lequeito has issued a small pamphlet, from which we learn that this body consists of 600 members divided into three classes, viz., owners of vessels, patrons or men in charge, and ordinary fishermen.  A board of directors, consisting of 22 owners, and 24 masters of boats or ordinary fishermen, has the sole control of the affairs of the society.  The meetings are presided over by a majordomo elected triennially, and who must be the owner of a boat over 40 ft. long.  This functionary receives a stipend of 8,000 reales a year, a sum which sounds more modest when expressed as 80_l_.  He has two clerks, who are on the permanent staff, to help him.  His duties are to keep the books with the assistance of

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Scientific American Supplement, No. 421, January 26, 1884 from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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