Beowulf eBook

Gareth Hinds
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 112 pages of information about Beowulf.

Swerting.—­Grandfather of Higelac, and father of Hrethel.—­19_11.

Swedes.—­People of Sweden, ruled by the Scylfings.—­35_13.

Thrytho.—­Wife of Offa, king of the Angles.  Known for her fierce and unwomanly disposition.  She is introduced as a contrast to the gentle Hygd, queen of Higelac.—­28_42; 28_56.

Unferth.—­Son of Ecglaf, and seemingly a confidential courtier of Hrothgar.  Taunts Beowulf for having taken part in the swimming-match.  Lends Beowulf his sword when he goes to look for Grendel’s mother.  In the MS. sometimes written Hunferth. 9_1; 18_41.

Waels.—­Father of Sigemund.—­14_60.

Waegmunding.—­A name occasionally applied to Wiglaf and Beowulf, and perhaps derived from a common ancestor, Waegmund.—­36_6; 38_61.

Weders.—­Another name for Geats or Wedergeats.

Wayland.—­A fabulous smith mentioned in this poem and in other old Teutonic literature.—­7_83.

Wendels.—­The people of Wulfgar, Hrothgar’s messenger and retainer.  (Perhaps = Vandals.)—­6_30.

Wealhtheow.—­Wife of Hrothgar.  Her queenly courtesy is well shown in the poem.—­10_55.

Weohstan, or Wihstan.—­A Waegmunding, and father of Wiglaf.—­36_1.

Whale’s Ness.—­A prominent promontory, on which Beowulf’s mound was built.—­38_52; 42_76.

Wiglaf.—­Son of Wihstan, and related to Beowulf.  He remains faithful to Beowulf in the fatal struggle with the fire-drake.  Would rather die than leave his lord in his dire emergency.—­36_1; 36_3; 36_28.

Wonred.—­Father of Wulf and Eofor.—­41_20; 41_26.

Wulf.—­Son of Wonred.  Engaged in the battle between Higelac’s and Ongentheow’s forces, and had a hand-to-hand fight with Ongentheow himself.  Ongentheow disables him, and is thereupon slain by Eofor.—­41_19; 41_29.

Wulfgar.—­Lord of the Wendels, and retainer of Hrothgar.—­6_18; 6_30.

Wylfings.—­A people to whom belonged Heatholaf, who was slain by Ecgtheow.—­8_6; 8_16.

Yrmenlaf.—­Younger brother of AEschere, the hero whose death grieved Hrothgar so deeply.—­21_4.

[xviii]

LIST OF WORDS AND PHRASES NOT IN GENERAL USE.

ATHELING.—­Prince, nobleman.

BAIRN.—­Son, child.

BARROW.—­Mound, rounded hill, funeral-mound.

BATTLE-SARK.—­Armor.

BEAKER.—­Cup, drinking-vessel.

BEGEAR.—­Prepare.

BIGHT.—­Bay, sea.

BILL.—­Sword.

BOSS.—­Ornamental projection.

BRACTEATE.—­A round ornament on a necklace.

BRAND.—­Sword.

BURN.—­Stream.

BURNIE.—­Armor.

CARLE.—­Man, hero.

EARL.—­Nobleman, any brave man.

EKE.—­Also.

EMPRISE.—­Enterprise, undertaking.

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Beowulf from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.