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Harvard Psychological Studies, Volume 1 eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 678 pages of information about Harvard Psychological Studies, Volume 1.

An examination of thirty-two stanzas of unrhymed iambic and dactylic (catalectic) tetrameters (cf.  Table VII.) shows that the verse pause is always at least one fourth larger than the foot pause.  In the unrhymed stanzas the verse pause varies widely, and may be as large as three times the foot pause.  A pause longer than the foot pause is absolutely essential to the unity of the verse.  All sorts of ratios are presented; evidently the verse pause is not a function of the foot pause.

The next table (Table VIII.) shows a variety of different dynamic shadings in the verse.  It is noteworthy that in these nonsense verses the type is uniform throughout the stanza.  Representing the intensities by curves similar to those used by the subjects in listening to rhythms, we have the forms shown in Fig. 6 (a).

The general curve is like that in Fig. 6(b).

[Illustration:  FIG. 6.]

When a special emphasis is prescribed on some particular accent in the verse, the type becomes invariable, not only in each stanza, but for all stanzas of all subjects.

The records show that the accent is produced in a variety of ways.  One, for example, gets the accent by a slight increase in intensity, but especially by a pause following the sonant.

TABLE VIII.

THE INTENSITY RELATIONS WITHIN THE TOTAL, UNRHYMED VERSE.

UNRHYMED IAMBIC TETRAMETERS. 
Average
Intensities. length Length
’ ’ ’ ’ of first of last
_ — _ — _ — _ — 3 sonants. sonant.

Ha.   2   5  4   5  2   4   3   6        31      31s
4   4  2   4  2   5   3   7        33      36s
2   5  3   4  1   5   3   9        32      29s
2   4  2   5  2   5   3   7        31      22s
3   5  1   5  3   4   3   5        37      35s
2   5  2   4  2   4   3   6        35      27s
2   4  2   4  2   4   2   6        38      22s
1   4  3   4  1   5   3   6        34      23s
Hu.   6   6  6   6  6   6   6   5        25      33
5   5  5   5  5   5   5   6        26      32
5   5  5   4  5   5   5   5        19      33
5   5  5   6  8   9   8   9        28      50
9   9  8   9  9   9   9   8        43      51
9   7  8   7  7   8   9  10        48      45s
6   7  7   7  6   7   6   7        43      43s
6   6  5   6  4   7   7   8        36      50
G.    9  14  7  14  4  12   6  10        20      25
7  12  7  14  7  10   6  10        16      26
7  12  6  11  4  12   5  10        17      26
6  13  6  11  1   9   7  12        16      26
10   8  7  30  6  15   7  16        18      25
7  14  8  12  6  15  10  13        15      28
7  16  9  15  4  14   7  12        16      25
7  15  7  13  5  13   6  12        17      25

In verses marked ‘s’ the last sonant is shorter than the average of
the preceding sonants.

UNRHYMED IAMBIC TETRAMETERS:  PRESCRIBED ACCENT ON THE THIRD FOOT.

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