Harvard Psychological Studies, Volume 1 eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 678 pages of information about Harvard Psychological Studies, Volume 1.

As was said in the case of a single image, so with double images, the motion could be traced and often was traced when the movements were away from the original positions, but on the return to the original positions the images were not usually seen in transitu.  For ten of the subjects, the image moved downward uniformly on an arc whose center was at the eye; and often the right and left movements were likewise on an arc.  With E. the ends of the arc for motion right and left were higher also.  H., I. and J. reported that all the movements were in the same plane.  The upward movement was always to a less distance and the downward movement to a greater distance than the horizontal movements.

In most cases the images were the size of the percepts, in a number of cases smaller, and in a few cases larger.  This was determined by comparison between the image and the percept immediately on opening the eyes and seeing the object at the end of the five minutes occupied by the experiment.  A similar mode of comparison showed that, in about half of the experiments, the images were at the end of five minutes approximately equal to the percept in clearness and distinctness of outline.  A comparison of these results with those obtained in a series of experiments involving passive observation of the image seems to indicate that active manipulation of the image tends to maintain the qualitative fidelity of the image when at its original position.  During the progress of the experiments the reports were almost unanimous and constant that at its original position the image was vivid and distinct, but lost in both respects when away from that position, the loss being greater the greater the distance to which it was moved.  Frequently there was fluctuation,—­a loss of vividness and then a restoration,—­which A. frequently found to be rhythmical, while in general it was evident that an increase of effort or of attention was successful in restoring lost vividness and distinctness.

D., after three minutes, read the time in the image of a watch.  In superposing green on yellow, in two instances, the yellow shone through, making a mixed color, and again, in moving a green disc and a yellow disc, the green became suffused with yellow, so that the two discs were one yellow and the other greenish-yellow.  For C., similarity in the two objects presented tended to make both images less vivid and distinct and to render more difficult their retention and manipulation.  When one of the two objects partially overlapped the other it was difficult to separate the two images, and the area of contact was very vague in the image of the under one, and when the scrutiny reached that portion the other image returned to its original overlapping position.

IV.  SUPPRESSION OF ONE OF TWO IMAGES.

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