Harvard Psychological Studies, Volume 1 eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 678 pages of information about Harvard Psychological Studies, Volume 1.

A. in returning from green or blue to yellow passed through a gray; so, once, in changing from yellow to green, and once, green to red.  With A. blue retinal clouds, which often came, aided changes to blue and hindered at times changes to other colors.  B. had a fusion of yellow and red in changing from yellow to red.  G. had a tendency to leave uncolored the lower left-hand corner and it ‘was wood-colored’; G. had a gray image as the result of fusion of retinal clouds with red memory image.  With H. blue always came in as robin’s-egg blue, which then had to be changed to the standard blue.  In one instant the green memory image seemed to shift into a purple and change to a positive retinal image which interfered with changes to other colors.  J. found whistling and humming an aid in relaxing an unnatural state of tension which would hinder the best results.  To increase the vividness of the image he would recall the black background on which the colored squares had hung.  In one experiment K. became ’desperately tired of yellow,’ which was the presented color, so that his ’mind was ready to jump to any color rather than yellow.’  The returns to yellow were, in this experiment, slower than the changes from yellow.

The images sometimes changed sizes, being at times smaller, but usually larger than the object.  In one experiment of C. the image was four times the size of the object, which was a green square with sides of one inch.


Table IV. gives the results of experiments in the movements of two images, the objects presented being colored squares or discs.  Time of perception was five seconds.  After the disappearance of after-images, if there were any, eighteen to twenty-four movements with returns to original positions were made, occupying five or six minutes.  The colors were saturated blue, green, yellow and red.  Four of the movements were such as separated the two images, and in four the two moved uniformly.  The first four movements were right and left, left and right, up and down, down and up; the left-hand object followed the first direction indicated.  The right-and-left movements involved the crossing of the images.  The last four were both to right, to left, up, down.  The time was taken with a stop-watch and includes the time between the director’s word of command and the subject’s report, ‘now.’  It includes, therefore, two reaction times.  The subject reported the instant the colors reached, or appeared at, the suggested positions.

It is to be noticed that H. was very much slower than any of the others in making the movements, both out and back; and that K., while also slower (though much less so than H.) in making the movements outward, was no slower in making the return movements.


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Harvard Psychological Studies, Volume 1 from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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