and conditions which they can neither control nor
prevent. They would not hesitate to raise the
arm of revolt if they had any hope, or if they believed
that ultimate success would be the result thereof.
But as matters now stand they can detect no ray of
hope, and can see no avenue of escape. Hence nothing
remains for them to do but to hold the chain of political
oppression and subjugation, while their former political
subordinates rivet and fasten the same around their
unwilling necks. They find they can do nothing
but sacrifice their pride, their manhood, and their
self-respect upon the altar of political necessity.
They see, they feel, they fully realize the hopelessness
of their condition and the helplessness of their situation.
They see, they know, they acknowledge that in the
line of political distinction and official recognition
they can get nothing that their former political subordinates
are not willing for them to have. With a hope
of getting a few crumbs that may fall from the official
table they make wry faces and pretend to be satisfied
with what is being done, and with the way in which
it is done. They are looked upon with suspicion
and their loyalty to the new order of things is a
constant source of speculation, conjecture, and doubt.
But, for reasons of political expediency, a few crumbs
are allowed occasionally to go to some one of that
class,—crumbs that are gratefully acknowledged
and thankfully received, upon the theory that some
little consideration is better than none at all, especially
in their present helpless and dependent condition.
But even these small crumbs are confined to those
who are most pronounced and outspoken in their declarations
and protestations of loyalty, devotion, and subservient
submission to the new order of things.
EVENTFUL DAYS OF THE FORTY-THIRD CONGRESS
The Mississippi Constitution having been ratified
in 1869,—an odd year of the calendar,—caused
the regular elections for State, district and county
officers to occur on the odd year of the calendar,
while the National elections occurred on the even
years of the calendar, thus necessitating the holding
of an election in the State every year. Therefore,
no election was to be held in 1874, except for Congressmen,
and to fill a few vacancies, while the regular election
for county officers and members of the Legislature
would be held in 1875.
Since the regular session of the 44th Congress would
not convene before December, 1875, in order to avoid
the trouble and expense incident to holding an election
in 1874, the Legislature passed a bill postponing
the election of members of Congress until November,
1875. There being some doubt about the legality
of this legislation, Congress passed a bill legalizing
the act of the Legislature. Consequently no election
was held in the State in 1874 except to fill a few
vacancies that had occurred in the Legislature and
in some of the districts and counties.