As these old methods are beginning to find little favor with the South itself, a multitude of other schemes are brought to the front.
The Age-Herald, of Birmingham, Ala., claims a patent (which it says others are infringing) for the scheme which it thus sets forth:
“The Negroes could be induced to emigrate to a Western Territory, if it were set apart for their especial use without any force being used to compel them to go.”
A writer in the Richmond Dispatch proposes that the Negroes in the South be induced to voluntarily emigrate to Brazil, Mexico or other countries where they are wanted, and even the old plan of fifty years ago, to return them to Africa is again brought forward. To this last suggestion, the Yonkers Statesman replies:
The notion that the black can be successfully re-shipped to Africa dies hard; but there are few things plainer than that he has no desire and no purpose to be thus disposed of, but regards this land as being as much his as it is the white man’s. It would be hard to dispute his title, grounded as it is in age and effective service. The Negro believes he belongs here, and here he means to remain; and the prospect that his mind can be changed is certainly not very cheering.
The Times-Democrat of New Orleans thinks that the true solution is white immigration, but the Daily Express of San Antonio, Texas, replies: “The principal objection to this scheme is that the Negro will not go till the white immigrants come, and the white immigrants will not come until the Negro goes.”
Congressman Oates, of Alabama, advocates the disfranchisement of the Negroes, or rather as a Democrat he suggests that the Republicans do it. He says that as the Republicans gave him the ballot, the South would cheerfully acquiesce if they should take it away from him. But it is not likely that the Republican administration will lead off in such a movement. Indeed, from present appearances, the new President is looking in exactly the opposite direction.
There are men, however, in the South, wise, conscientious and “to the manner born,” who take entirely different views of this great problem. The Hon. J.L.M. Curry, once a General in the Confederate Army, subsequently the efficient Secretary of the Peabody Fund, more recently our Minister in Spain, and now again at his post as Secretary of the Peabody Fund, utters himself in this forcible language: