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Charles Edwin Bennett
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 240 pages of information about New Latin Grammar.

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PART III.

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PARTICLES.

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139.  Particles are the four Parts of Speech that do not admit of inflection; viz.  Adverbs, Prepositions, Conjunctions, Interjections.

ADVERBS.

140.  Adverbs denote manner, place, time, or degree Most adverbs are in origin case-forms which have become stereotyped by usage.  The common adverbial terminations have already been given above (Sec. 76).  The following TABLE OF CORRELATIVES is important:—­

RELATIVE AND DEMONSTRATIVE.  INDEFINITE. 
INTERROGATIVE.
ubi, where; where? hic, here. alicubi, usquam,
ibi, illic, istic, uspiam, somewhere.
there.
quo, whither; huc, hither_. aliquo, to some
whither
? eo, istuc, illuc, place_.
thither.
unde, whence; hinc, hence_. alicunde, from
whence
? inde, istinc, illinc, somewhere_.
thence.
qua, where; where? hac, by this way. aliqua, by some way.
ea, istac, illac, by
that way
.
cum, when. nunc, now. aliquando, umquam,
quando, when? tum, tunc, then. sometime, ever.
quotiens, as often totiens, so often_. aliquotiens, some
as
; how often? number of times_.
quam, as much as; tam, so much. aliquantum,
how much? somewhat.

PREPOSITIONS.

141.  Prepositions show relations of words.  The following Prepositions govern the Accusative:—­

ad, to. contra, against. post, after. adversus, erga, toward. praeter, past. against. extra, outside. prope, near. adversum, toward, infra, below. propter, on account against_. inter, between. of_. ante, before. intra, within. secundum, after. apud, with, juxta, near. subter, beneath. near. ob, on account super, over_. circa, around. of_. supra, above. circiter, about. penes, in the hands trans, across_. circum, around. of_. ultra, beyond. cis, this side per, through_. versus, toward. of_. pone, behind. citra, this side of.

1.  Usque is often prefixed to ad, in the sense of even; as,—­

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