And thus have we presented you a Taste of our English Garden Housewifry in the matter of Sallets: And though some of them may be Vulgar, (as are most of the best things;) Yet she was willing to impart them, to shew the Plenty, Riches and Variety of the Sallet-Garden: And to justifie what has been asserted of the Possibility of living (not unhappily) on Herbs and Plants, according to Original and Divine Institution, improved by Time and long Experience. And if we have admitted Mushroms among the rest (contrary to our Intention, and for Reasons given, Acet. p. 43.) since many will by no means abandon them, we have endeavoured to preserve them from those pernicious Effects which are attributed to, and really in them: We cannot tell indeed whether they were so treated and accommodated for the most Luxurious of the Caesarean Tables, when that Monarchy was in its highest Strain of Epicurism, and ingross’d this Haugout for their second Course; whilst this we know, that ’tis but what Nature affords all her Vagabonds under every Hedge.
And now, that our Sallets may not want a Glass of generous Wine of the same Growth with the rest of the Garden to recommend it, let us have your Opinion of the following.
Cowslip-Wine. To every Gallon of Water put two Pounds of Sugar; boil it an Hour, and set it to cool: Then spread a good brown Toast on both Sides with Yeast: But before you make use of it, beat some Syrup of Citron with it, an Ounce and half of Syrup to each Gallon of Liquor: Then put in the Toast whilst hot, to assist its Fermentation, which will cease in two Days; during which time cast in the Cowslip-Flowers (a little bruised, but not much stamp’d) to the Quantity of half a Bushel to ten Gallons (or rather three Pecks) four Limons slic’d, with the Rinds and all. Lastly, one Pottle of White or Rhenish Wine; and then after two Days, tun it up in a sweet Cask. Some leave out all the Syrup.
And here, before we conclude, since there is nothing of more constant Use than good Vinegar; or that has so near an Affinity to all our Acetaria, we think it not amiss to add the following (much approved) Receit.
Vinegar. To every Gallon of Spring Water let there be allowed three Pounds of Malaga-Raisins: Put them in an Earthen Jarr, and place them where they may have the hottest Sun, from May till Michaelmas: Then pressing them well, Tun the Liquor up in a very strong Iron-Hooped Vessel to prevent its bursting. It will appear very thick and muddy when newly press’d, but will refine in the Vessel, and be as clear as Wine. Thus let it remain untouched for three Months, before it be drawn off, and it will prove Excellent Vinegar.
Butter. Butter being likewise so frequent and necessary an Ingredient to divers of the foregoing Appendants: It should be carefully melted, that it turn not to an Oil; which is prevented by melting it leisurely, with a little fair Water at the Bottom of the Dish or Pan; and by continual shaking and stirring, kept from boiling or over-heating, which makes it rank.