4. Whenever it is practicable, Hindoos are placed on the banks of sacred rivers to die, especially in Bengal.
5. For explanation of this phrase, see the following story of the Lodhi woman, following note , in this chapter. The name is abnormal. Upadhya is a Brahman title meaning ‘spiritual preceptor’. Brahmans serving in the army sometimes take the title Singh, which is more properly assumed by Rajputs or Sikhs.
6. An instance of such a prophecy, of a favourable kind, will be found at the end of this chapter; and another, disastrously fulfilled, in Chapter 21, post.
7. Riwa (Rewah) is a considerable principality lying south of Allahabad and Mirzapore and north of Sagar. The chiefs are Baghel Rajputs. The proper title of the Udaipur, or Mewar, chief is Rana, not Raja. See ‘Annals of Mewar’, chapters 1-18, pp. 173-401, in the Popular Edition of Tod’s Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan (Routledge, 1914), an excellent and cheap reprint. The original quarto edition is almost unobtainable.
8. The masculine form of the word sati (suttee).
9. Well known to tourists as the seat of the Maharaja of Benares.
10. ‘of’ in text.
11. In the author’s time no regular census had been taken. His rough estimate was excessive. The census figures, including the cantonments, are: 1872, 175,188; 1901, 209,331; 1911, 203,804.
12. This Benares story, accidentally omitted from the author’s text, was printed as a note at the end of the second volume. It has now been inserted in the place which seems most suitable. Interesting and well-told narratives of several suttees will be found in Bernier, Travels in the Mogul Empire, pp. 306-14, ed. Constable. See also Dubois, Hindu Manners, &c., 3rd ed. (1906), chapter 19.
13. Widows are not always so well treated. Their life in Lower Bengal, especially, is not a pleasant one,
14. Sihora, on the road from Jubbulpore to Mirzapur, twenty-seven miles from the former, is a town with a population of more than 5,000. A smaller town with the same name exists in the Bhandara district of the Central Provinces.
15. The monkey-god. His shrines are very numerous in the Central Provinces and Bundelkhand.
16. Within the last hundred years more than one officer has believed that infanticide had been suppressed by his efforts, and yet the practice is by no means extinct. In the Agra Province the severely inquisitorial measures adopted in 1870, and rigorously enforced, have no doubt done much to break the custom, but, in the neighbouring province of Oudh, the practice continued to be common for many years later. A clear case in the Rai Bareli District came before me in 1889, though no one was punished, for lack of judicial proof against any individual. The author discusses infanticide as practised in Oudh in many passages of his Journey through the Kingdom of Oudh