men annually leave the villages, and remain absent
on distant forays till March or April, when they return
with their booty, enjoying almost complete immunity,
for the reasons stated in the text. On one occasion
some of these Bawarias of Muzaffarnagar stole a lakh
and a half of rupees (about L12,000 at that time),
in currency notes at Tuticorin, in the south of the
peninsula, 1,400 miles distant from their home.
The number of such criminal tribes, or castes, is
very great, and the larger of these communities, such
as the Sansias, each comprise many thousands of members,
diffused over an enormous area in several provinces.
It is, therefore, impossible to put them down, except
by the use of drastic measures such as no civilized
European Government could propose or sanction.
The criminal tribes, or castes, are, to a large extent,
races; but, in many of these castes, fresh blood is
constantly introduced by the admission of outsiders,
who are willing to eat with the members of the tribe,
and so become for ever incorporated in the brotherhood.
The gipsies of Europe are closely related to certain
of these Indian tribes. The official literature
on the subject is of considerable bulk. Mr. W.
Crooke’s small book, An Ethnographic Glossary
published in 1891 (Government Press, Allahabad), is
a convenient summary of most of the facts on record
concerning the criminal and other castes of Northern
India, and gives abundant references to other publications.
See also his larger work, Castes and Tribes of
the N. W. P. and Oudh
, 4 vols. Calcutta, 1906.
The author’s folio book, Report on the Budhuk
alias Bagree Decoits and other Gang Robbers by Hereditary
Profession, and on the Measures adopted by the Government
of India for their Suppression
, Bibliography No. 12, probably is the most
valuable of the original authorities on the subject,
but it is rare and seldom consulted.
Sporting at Datiya—Fidelity of Followers
to their Chiefs in India— Law of Primogeniture
wanting among Muhammadans.
The morning after we reached Datiya, I went out with
Lieutenant Thomas to shoot and hunt in the Raja’s
large preserve, and with the humane and determined
resolution of killing no more game than our camp would
be likely to eat; for we were told that the deer and
wild hogs were so very numerous that we might shoot
just as many as we pleased.[l] We were posted upon
two terraces, one near the gateway, and the other
in the centre of the preserve; and, after waiting here
an hour, we got each a shot at a hog. Hares we
saw, and might have shot, but we had loaded all our
barrels with ball for other game. We left the
‘ramna’, which is a quadrangle of about
one hundred acres of thick grass, shrubs, and brushwood,
enclosed by a high stone wall. There is one gate
on the west side, and this is kept open during the
night, to let the game out and in. It is shut