TURKISH AND EGYPTIAN CAMPAIGN.
March 1—Turkish forces mass on Asiatic side of the Dardanelles under Essad Pasha, defender of Janina; Russians have completed the expulsion of Turks from Transcaucasus region and dominate the Black Sea.
March 3—Russians, after three days’ battle, stop reinforcements for Turks in the Caucasus.
March 5—Turks abandon for the time the campaign against Egypt and recall troops.
March 7—British drive Turks back from the Persian Gulf, with considerable losses on both sides; it is reported that the Germans killed 300 Turks in a conflict between these allies after the Egyptian retreat.
March 9—Germans report that British were routed recently in Southern Mesopotamia.
March 12—General d’Amaade, commander of the French forces in Morocco, has been put in command of a force which is to aid the allied fleets in operations against Constantinople.
March 13—Turks are driven back in Armenia and Northwestern Persia.
March 16—Russians rout Turks in Armenia and threaten Turks in the Caucasus.
March 18—Turkish soldiers kill several civilians in the Urumiah district of Persia; Turks are massing large forces near Constantinople and on Asiatic side of the Dardanelles.
March 19—Russians occupy Archawa.
March 20—Turks reported to be four days’ march from Suez Canal.
March 23—Turkish force operating against town of Suez is routed.
CAMPAIGN IN FAR EAST.
March 12—It is reported from Peking that nine Germans, among them the German Military Attache at Peking, who is leading the party, escaped from Tsing-tao when it fell, and have made their way 1,000 miles into Manchuria, where they are trying to blow up tunnels along the Trans-Siberian railway; Russian troops are pursuing them.
CAMPAIGN IN AFRICA.
March 21—Official announcement is made that General Botha, Commander in Chief of the Army of the Union of South Africa, has captured 200 Germans and two field guns at Swakopmund, German Southwest Africa.
March 1—Norwegian steamer reports ramming a submarine off English coast.
March 2—Bulgaria protests to Austria, Russia, and Serbia against mines in the Danube; diligent inquiry in England fails to produce any evidence supporting report that British superdreadnought Audacious, wrecked by mine or torpedo on Oct. 27, is about to be restored to the fighting line.
March 3—Allied fleet silences three inner forts on the Asiatic side of the Dardanelles; Berlin report says British cruiser Zephyr was damaged.
March 4—Attack on Dardanelles continues; French ships bombard Bulair forts and destroy Kavak Bridge; Field Marshal von der Goltz has asked for German artillery officers to aid in defending Dardanelles, but it is reported that Germans cannot spare any; German submarine U-8 is sunk by destroyers of the Dover flotilla; German submarine chases hospital ship St. Andrew.