it is full of passion; that it is unfit to be seen
(owing to its unholy character); that it is made up
of three qualities; that it has three constituent
elements, (viz., wind, bile and phelgm); that it is
delighted with attachments of every kind, that it is
full of delusions. It is difficult of being moved
in this mortal world, and it rests on the understanding
as its support. That body is, in this world,
the wheel of Time that is continually revolving.
That (body), indeed, is a terrible and unfathomable
ocean and is called delusion. It is this body
which stretches forth, contracts, and awakens the
(whole) universe with the (very) immortals. By
restraining the senses, one casts off lust, wrath,
fear, cupidity, enmity, and falsehood, which are eternal
and, therefore, exceedingly difficult to cast off.
He who has subjugated these in this world, viz
the three qualities and the five constituent elements
of the body, has the Highest for his seat in Heaven.
By him is Infinity attained. Crossing the river,
that has the five senses for its steep banks, the
mental inclinations for its mighty waters, and delusion
for its lake, one should subjugate both lust and wrath.
Such a man freed from all faults, then beholds the
Highest, concentrating the mind within the mind and
seeing self in self. Understanding all things,
he sees his self, with self, in all creatures, sometimes
as one and sometimes as diverse, changing form from
time to time. Without doubt he can perceive numerous
bodies like a hundred lights from one light.
Verily he is Vishnu, and Mitra, and Varuna, and Agni,
and Prajapati. He is the Creator and the ordainer:
he is the Lord possessed of puissance, with faces
turned in all directions. In him, the heart of
all creatures, the great soul, becomes resplendent.
Him all conclaves of learned Brahmanas, deities and
Asuras, and Yakshas, and Pisachas, the Pitris, and
birds, and bands of Rakshasas, and bands of ghostly
beings, and all the great Rishis, praise.’”
“Brahmana said, ’Among men, the royal
Kshatriya is (endued with) the middle quality.
Among vehicles, the elephant (is so); and among denizens
of the forest the lion; among all (sacrificial) animals,
the sheep; among all those that live in holes, is
the snake; among cattle, the bovine bull; among females,
the mule. There is no doubt in this that in this
world, the Nyagrodha, the Jamvu, the Pippala, the Salmali,
and Sinsapa, the Meshasringa, and the Kichaka, are
the foremost ones among trees. Himavat, Patipatra,
Sahya, Vindhya, Trikutavat, Sweta, Nila, Bhasa, Koshthavat,
Guruskandha, Mahendra and Malayavat,—these
are the foremost of mountains. Likewise the Maruts
are the foremost of the Ganas. Surya is the lord
of all the planets, and Chandramas of all the constellations.
Yama is the lord of the Pitris; Ocean is the lord of
all rivers. Varuna is the king of the waters.