who had acquired a tranquil soul. When diverse
kinds of faults were in the ascendant and when the
righteous were afflicted, Amvarisha of great fame
put forth his strength for assuming sovereignty.
Subduing his own faults and worshipping the righteous,
he attained to great success and sang these verses.—I
have subdued many faults. I have killed all foes.
But there is one, the greatest, vice which deserves
to be destroyed but which has not been destroyed by
me! Urged by that fault, this Jiva fails to attain
to freedom from desire. Afflicted by desire,
one runs into ditches without knowing it. Urged
by that fault, one indulges in acts that are forbidden.
Do thou cut off, cut off, that cupidity with sharp-edged
swords. From cupidity arise desires. From
desire flows anxiety. The man who yields to desire
acquires many qualities that appertain to passion.
When these have been acquired, he gets many qualities
that appertain to Darkness. In consequence of
those qualities, he repeatedly takes birth, with the
bonds of body united, and is impelled to action.
Upon the expiration of life, with body becoming dismembered
and scattered, he once meets with death which is due
to birth itself. Hence, duly understanding this,
and subduing cupidity by intelligence, one should
desire for sovereignty in one’s soul. This
is (true) sovereignty. There is no other sovereignty
here. The soul, properly understood, is the king.
Even these were the verses sung by king Ambarisha
of great celebrity, on the subject of sovereignty which
he kept before him,—that king who had cut
off the one foremost fault viz
“The Brahmana said, ’In this connection
is cited the old narrative, O lady, of the discourse
between a Brahmana and (king) Janaka. King Janaka
(on a certain occasion), desirous of punishing him,
said unto a Brahmana who had become guilty of some
offence, ’Thou shalt not dwell within my dominions.’
Thus addressed, the Brahmana replied unto that best
of kings, saying, ’Tell me, O king, what the
limits are of the territories subject to thee.
I desire, O lord, to dwell within the dominions of
another king. Verily, I wish to obey thy behest,
O lord of Earth, agreeably to the scriptures.—Thus
addressed by that celebrated Brahmana, the king, hearing
repeated and hot sighs, said not a word in reply.
Like the planet Rahu overwhelming the Sun, a cloudedness
of understanding suddenly overwhelmed that king of
immeasurable energy as he sat plunged in thought.
When that cloudedness of understanding passed away
and the king became comforted, he spoke after a short
while these words unto that Brahmana.’