Of him I shall now speak. Having lived with that
instructor under the proper mode of living, Sakra
attained to the sovereignty of all the worlds.
There is one enemy. There is no second beside
him. He resides in the heart. Of him I shall
now speak. Instructed by that preceptor all snakes
in the world are always endued with feelings of animosity.
In this connection is cited the ancient story of the
instruction of the snakes, the deities, and the Rishis
by the Lord of all creatures. The deities and
the Rishis, the snakes, and the Asuras, seated around
the Lord of all creatures, asked him, saying,—Let
that which is highly beneficial for us be declared.
Unto them that enquired about what is highly beneficial,
the holy one uttered only the word Om, which is Brahman
in one syllable. Hearing this, they ran away
in various directions. Amongst them that thus
ran in all directions from desire of self-instruction,
the disposition first arose in snakes of biting.
Of the Asuras, the disposition, born of their nature
for ostentations, pride arose. The deities betook
themselves to gifts, and the great Rishis to self-restraint.
Having repaired to one teacher, and having been instructed
(refined) by one word, the snakes, the deities, the
Rishis, and the Danavas, all betook themselves to
diverse different dispositions. It is that one
who hears himself when speaking, and apprehends it
duly. Once, again, is that heard from him when
he speaks. There is no second preceptor. It
is in obedience to his counsels that action afterwards
flows. The instructor, the apprehender, the hearer,
and the enemy, are pleased within the heart. By
acting sinfully in the world it is he that becomes
a person of sinful deeds. By acting auspiciously
in the world, it is he who becomes a person of auspicious
deeds. It is he who becomes a person of unrestrained
conduct by becoming addicted to the pleasures of sense,
impelled by desire. It is he who becomes a Brahmacharin
by always devoting himself to the subjugation of his
senses. It is he, again, that casts off vows and
actions and takes refuge on Brahman alone. By
moving in the world, identifying himself the while
with Brahman, he becomes a Brahmacharin. Brahman.
is his fuel; Brahman is his fire; Brahman is his origin;
Brahman is his water; Brahman is his preceptor:
he is rapt in Brahman. Brahmacharyya is even
so subtle, as understood by the wise. Having
understood it, they betook themselves to it, instructed
by the Kshetrajna!’"
“The Brahmana said, ’Having crossed that
impassable fastness (the world) which has purposes
for its gadflies and mosquitoes, grief and joy for
its cold and heat, heedlessness for its blinding darkness,
cupidity and diseases for its reptiles, wealth for
its one danger on the road, and lust and wrath its
robbers, I have entered the extensive forest of (Brahman)’.
“The wife of the Brahmana said, ’Where
is that foremost, O thou of great wisdom? What
are its trees? What its rivers? What its
mountains and hills? How far is that forest?’