These Mantras constitute a great mystery of the Rishis
and are the very highest of those which they silently
recite. Even such are these Mantras unto them
who practise the duty of recitation and pour libations
on the sacrificial fire. This that I have said
unto thee is the excellent opinion of Parasara.
It was recited in former days unto Sakra himself.
Representing as it does Truth or Eternal Brahman.
I have declared it in full to thee. It constitutes
that heart of all creatures, and is the highest Sruti.
All the princes of the race of Soma and of Surya, viz
the Raghavas and the Kauravas, recite these Mantras
every day after having purified themselves, These
constitute the highest end of human creatures.
There is rescue from every trouble and calamity in
the daily recitation of the names of the deities of
the seven Rishis, and of Dhruva. Indeed, such
recitation speedily frees one from distress. The
sages of olden times, viz
., Kasyapa, Gotama, and
others, and Bhrigu Angiras and Atri and others, and
Sukra, Agastya, and Vrihaspati, and others, all of
whom are regenerate Rishis, have adored these Mantras.
Approved of by the son of Bharadwaja, these Mantras
were attained by the sons of Richika. Verily,
having acquired them again from Vasishtha, Sakra and
the Vasus went forth to battle and succeeded in subjugating
the Danavas. That man who makes a present of
a hundred kine with their horns covered with plates
of gold unto a Brahmana possessed of much learning
and well-conversant with the Vedas, and he who causes
the excellent Bharata story to be recited in his house
every day, are said to acquire equal merits.
By reciting the name of Bhrigu one’s righteousness
becomes enhanced. By bowing to Vasishtha one’s
energy become enhanced. By bowing unto Raghu,
one becomes victorious in battle. By reciting
the praises of the Aswins, one becomes freed from
diseases. I have thus, O king, told thee of the
Savitri Mantras which are identical with eternal Brahman.
If thou wishest to question me on any other topic
thou mayst do so. I shall, O Bharata, answer
“Yudhishthira said, ’Who deserve to be
worshipped? Who are they unto whom we should
bow? How, indeed, should we behave towards whom?
What course of conduct, O grandsire, towards what
classes of persons is regarded faultless?’
“Bhishma said, ’The humiliation of Brahmanas
would humiliate the very deities. By bowing unto
Brahmanas one does not, O Yudhishthira, incur any
fault. They, deserve to be worshipped. They
deserve to have our Salutations. Thou shouldst
behave towards them as if they are thy sons.
Indeed, it is those men endued with great wisdom that
uphold all the worlds. The Brahmanas are the
great causeways of Righteousness in respect of all
the worlds. Their happiness consists in renouncing
all kinds of wealth. They are devoted to the
vow of restraining speech. They are agreeable