The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 4 eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 1,582 pages of information about The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 4.
from room to room, when mendicants have ceased to walk the streets, it is then that the man who is devoted to the religion of truth and tranquillity of soul, desiring to have a guest (but finding his desire ungratified), should eat what remnant of food may still occur in the house.  By acting in this way, one becomes a practiser of the religion of the Munis.  One should not be arrogant, nor proud, nor cheerless and discontented; nor should one wonder at anything.  Indeed, one should behave equally towards friends and foes.  Verily, one who is the foremost of all persons conversant with duties should also be friendly towards all creatures.”


“Uma said, ’Forest recluses reside in delightful regions, among the springs and fountains of rivers, in bowers by the sides of streams and rills, on hills and mountains, in woods and forests, and in sacred spots full of fruits and roots.  With concentrated attention and observant of vows and rules, they dwell in such places.  I desire, O Sankara, to hear the sacred ordinances which they follow.  These recluses, O god of all gods, are persons that depend, for the protection of their bodies, upon themselves alone.’[565]

Maheswara said, ’Do thou hear with concentrated attention what the duties are of forest recluses.  Having listened to them with one mind, O goddess, do thou set thy heart upon righteousness.  Listen then to what the acts are that should be practised by righteous recluses crowned with success, observant of rigid vows and rules, and residing in woods and forests.  Performing ablutions thrice a day, worshipping the Pitris and the deities, pouring libations on the sacred fire, performing those sacrifices and rites that go by the name of Ishti-homa, picking up the grains of Nivara-paddy, eating fruit and roots, and using oil that is pressed out from Inguda and castor-seeds are their duties.  Having gone through the practices of Yoga and become crowned with (ascetic) success and freed from lust and wrath, they should seat themselves in the attitude called Virasana.  Indeed, they should reside in those places which are inaccessible to cowards.[566] Observant of the excellent ordinances relating to Yoga, sitting in summer in the midst of four fires on four sides with the sun overhead, duly practising what is called Manduka Yoga, and always seated in the attitude called Virasana, and lying on bare rocks or the earth, these men, with hearts set upon righteousness, must expose themselves to cold and water and fire.  They subsist upon water or air or moss.  They use two pieces of stones only for husking their corn.  Some of them use their teeth only for such a purpose.  They do not keep utensils of any kind (for storing anything for the day to come).  Some of them clothe themselves with rags and barks of trees or deer-skins.  Even thus do they pass their lives for the measure of time allotted to them, according to the ordinances (set

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The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 4 from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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