The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3 eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 2,886 pages of information about The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3.

“Bhishma said, ’They that are of bad conduct, of bad acts, of wicked understanding, and excessive rashness, are called evil or wicked men.  They, however, that are called good are distinguished by purity of conduct and practices.  They are good men who never answer calls of nature on the high roads, in cow-pens, or in fields overgrown with paddy.  Having finished the necessary acts one should perform his ablutions in river-water and gratify the deities with oblations of water.  This is said to be the duty of all men.  Surya should be always worshipped.  One should not sleep after sunrise.  Morning and evening the prayers (ordained in the scriptures) should be said, sitting with face turned towards the east and towards the west respectively.  Washing the five limbs,[589] one should eat silently with face turned towards the east.  One should never disparage the food which one is to eat.  One should eat food that is good to the taste.  After eating one should wash one’s hands and rise.[590] One should never go to sleep at night with wet feet.  The celestial Rishi Narada said that these are indications of good conduct.  One should every day circumambulate a sacred spot, a bull, a sacred image, a cow-pen, a place where four roads meet, a pious Brahmana, and sacred tree.  One should not make distinctions between one’s guests and attendants and kinsmen in matters of food.  Equality (in this respect) with servants is applauded.  Eating (twice a day) in the morning and evening is an ordinance of the gods.  It is not laid down that one should eat (once more) at any intermediate period.  He who eats according to this rule acquires the merit of a fast.[591] At the hours ordained for Homa one should pour libations on the sacred fire.  Without seeking the companionship of other people’s wives, the man of wisdom who seeks his own wife in her season acquires the merit of Brahmacharyya.  The remnants of a Brahmana’s dish are like ambrosia.  They are like the lacteal sustenance that is yielded by the mother’s breast.  People highly prize those remnants.  The good, by eating them attain to Brahma.  He who pounds turf to clay (for making sacrificial altars), or he who cuts grass (for making sacrificial fuel), or he who uses his nails only (and not weapons of any kind) for eating (sanctified meat), or he who always subsists on the remnants of Brahmana’s dishes, or he who acts, induced by desire for reward, has not to live long in the world.[592] One who has abstained from meat (under any vow) should not take meat even if it be sanctified with mantras from the Yajurveda.  One should also avoid the flesh about the vertebral column (of any animal) and the flesh of animals not slain in sacrifices.[593] Whether at one’s own place or in a strange land, one should never cause one’s guest to fast.  Having obtained alms and other fruits of optional acts, one should offer them to one’s seniors.  One should offer seats to one’s seniors and salute them with respect.  By worshipping one’s

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The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3 from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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