mind. That Soul is the Creator Brahman who exists
in all things. When the Soul becomes endued with
vulgar attributes, it comes to be called Kshetrajna.
When freed from those attributes, it comes to be called
Paramatman or Supreme Soul. Know that Soul.
He is inspired with universal benevolence. He
resides in the body like a drop of water in a lotus.
Know well that which is called Kshetrajna and which
has universal benevolence. Darkness, Passion,
and Goodness are the attributes of the living agent.
The learned say that the Soul has Consciousness and
exists with the attributes of life. The soul
exerts and causes everything to exert. Persons
that have a knowledge of the Soul say that the Soul
is different from life. It is the Supreme Soul
that has created the seven worlds and sets them agoing.
There is no destruction of the living agent when the
dissolution of the body takes place. Men destitute
of intelligence say that it dies. That is certainly
untrue. All that the living agent does is to
go from one unto another body. That which is called
death is only the dissolution of the body. It
is thus that the Soul, wrapped in diverse forms, migrates
from form to form, unseen and unnoticed by others.
Persons possessed of true Knowledge behold the Soul
by their keen and subtile intelligence. The man
of wisdom, living on frugal fare, and with heart cleansed
of all sins, devoting himself to yoga meditation, succeeds
every night, before sleep and after sleep, in beholding
his Soul by the aid of his Soul. In consequence
of a contented heart, and by abandoning all acts good
and bad, one can obtain infinite happiness by depending
upon one’s own Soul. The king, of fiery
effulgence, residing within the mind is called the
living agent. It is from that Lord of everything
that this creation has sprung. Even this is the
conclusion to be arrived at in the enquiry into the
origin of creatures and the soul.’
“Bhrigu said, ’Brahman first created a
few Brahmanas who came to be called Prajapatis (lords
of creation). Possessed of splendour equal to
that of the fire or the Sun, they were created out
of the energy of that First-born Being. The puissant
Lord then created Truth, Duty, Penance, the eternal
Vedas, all kinds of pious acts, and Purity, for enabling
creatures to attain to heaven (by practising them).
After this, the Deities and the Danavas, the Gandharvas,
the Daityas, the Asuras, the great snakes, the Yakshas,
the Rakshasas, the Serpents, the Pisachas, and human
beings with their four divisions, viz., Brahmanas,
Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, and Sudras, O best of regenerate
ones, and all the other orders of creatures that exist,
were created. The complexion the Brahmanas obtained
was white; that which the Kshatriyas obtained was red;
that which the Vaisyas got was yellow; and that which
was given to the Sudras was black.’