Indulgence strengthens it. When the man of wisdom
resolutely turns away from it, it disappears and dies.
Envy of others proceeds from between wrath and covetousness.
It disappears in consequence of compassion and knowledge
of self. In consequence of compassion for all
creatures, and of that disregard for all worldly objects
(that knowledge brings in its train), it disappears.
It also arises from seeing the faults of other people.
But in men of intelligence it quickly disappears in
consequence of true knowledge. Loss of judgment
has its origin in ignorance and proceeds from sinfulness
of habit. When the man whom this fault assails
begins to take delight in (the company and counsels
of) wise men, the vice at once and immediately hides
its head. Men, O thou of Kuru’s race, see
conflicting scriptures. From that circumstance
springs the desire for diverse kinds of action.
When true Knowledge has been gained, that desire is
allayed. The grief of an embodied creature proceeds
from affection which is awakened by separation.
When, however, one learns that the dead do not return
(whatever the grief one may feel for them), it subsides.
Incapacity to bear other people’s good proceeds
from wrath and covetousness. Through compassion
for every creature and in consequence of a disregard
for all earthly objects, it is extinguished.
Malice proceeds from the abandonment of truth and
indulgence in wickedness. This vice, O child,
disappears in consequence of one’s waiting upon
the wise and good. Pride, in men, springs from
birth, learning, and prosperity. When those three,
however, are truly known, that vice instantly disappears.
Jealousy springs from lust and delight in low and
vulgar people. In consequence of wisdom it is
destroyed. From errors (of conduct) inconsistent
with the ordinary course of men, and through disagreeable
speeches expressive of aversion, slander takes its
rise. It disappears, O king, upon a survey of
the whole world. When the person that injures
is powerful and the injured one is unable to avenge
the injury, hate shows itself. It subsides, however,
through kindliness. Compassion proceeds from
a sight of the helpless and miserable persons with
whom the world abounds. That sentiment disappears
when one understands the strength of virtue. Covetousness
in all creatures spring from ignorance. Beholding
the instability of all objects of enjoyment, it suffers
destruction. It has been said that tranquillity
of soul can alone subdue all these thirteen faults.
All these thirteen faults stained the sons of Dhritarashtra.
Thyself, always desirous of truth, hast conquered
all of those vices in consequence of thy regard for
“Yudhishthira said, ’I know what benevolence
is, in consequence of my observation of persons that
are good. I do not, however, know them that are
malevolent, nor the nature of their acts, O Bharata.
Indeed, people avoid malevolent persons of cruel deeds
even as they avoid thorns and pitfalls and fire.
It is evident, O Bharata, that he who is malevolent
is sure to burn (with misery) both here and hereafter.
Therefore, O thou of Kuru’s race, tell me what,
in truth, the acts of such a person are.’