., the eternal Law; after Law, Energy
is awake, employed in the act of protection; after
Energy, the herbs (offered in sacrifices for supporting
the gods and used as food and medicines); after the
herbs, the mountains; after the mountains, all kinds
of juices and their attributes; after these, the goddess
Niriti; after Niriti, the planets and the luminous
bodies in heaven; after these, the Vedas; after the
Vedas, the puissant form of Vishnu with equine head;
after him, the almighty and eternal Grandsire, viz
Brahman; after the Grandsire, the divine and blessed
Mahadeva; after Mahadeva, the Viswedevas; after them,
the great Rishis; after the Rishis the divine Soma;
after Soma, the deities who are all eternal; after
the deities, know that the Brahmanas are awake.
After the Brahmanas, the Kshatriyas are righteously
protecting all creatures. The eternal universe,
consisting of mobile and immobile creatures, is kept
awake by the Kshatriyas. Creatures are kept awake
in this world, and Chastisement is awake among them.
Possessed of splendour resembling that of the Grandsire
himself, Chastisement keeps together and upholds everything.
Time, O Bharata, is always awake, in the beginning,
the middle, and the end. The master of all the
worlds, the lord of all creatures, the puissant and
blessed Mahadeva, the god of gods, is always awake.
He is called by these names also, viz
Sankara, Rudra, Bhava, Sthanu and the lord of Uma.
Thus Chastisement also keeps awake in the beginning,
the middle, and the end. A virtuous king should
rule properly, guided by Chastisement.’
“Bhishma continued, ’That person who listens
to this teaching of Vasuhoma, and having listened
to it conducts himself according to its tenure, is
sure to obtain the fruition of all his wishes.
I have now, O bull among men, told thee everything
as to who Chastisement is, that restrainer of the
universe which is governed by righteousness.’”
“Yudhishthira said, ’I wish, O sire, to
hear the settled conclusions on the subject of Virtue,
Wealth, and Pleasure. Depending upon which of
these does the course of life proceed? What are
the respective roots of Virtue, Wealth, and Pleasure?
What are again the results of those three? They
are sometimes see n to mingle with one another, and
sometimes to exist separately and independently of
“Bhishma said, ’When men in this world
endeavour with good hearts to achieve Wealth with
the aid of Virtue, then those three, viz., Virtue,
Wealth, and Pleasure, may be seen to co-exist in a
state of union in respect of time, cause, and action.
Wealth has its root in Virtue, and Pleasure is said
to be the fruit of Wealth. All the three again
have their root in Will. Will is concerned with
objects. All objects, again, in their entirety,
exist for gratifying the desire of enjoyment.