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This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 2,413 pages of information about The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3.
do what is just, self-restrained, always sweet-speeched, forgiving even unto enemies, practising charity personally, possessed of faith, of agreeable features, ready to extend the hand of succour to persons plunged in distress, possessed of ministers that always seek his good, free from the fault of egoism, never without a wife,[352] and undisposed to do anything with haste.  He should always reward his ministers when they achieve anything signal.  He should love those that are devoted to him.  Avoiding idleness, he should always attract men to himself by doing good to them.  His face should always be cheerful.  He should always be attentive to the wants of his servants and never give way to wrath.  He should, besides, be magnanimous.  Without lying aside the lord of chastisement, he should wield it with propriety.  He should make all men about him act righteously.  Having spies for his eyes, he should always supervise the concerns of his subjects, and should be conversant in all matters connected with virtue and wealth.  A king that is possessed of these hundred qualifications earns the love of all.  Every ruler should strive to be such.  The king should also, O monarch, search for good warriors (to enlist in his army) that should all be possessed of the necessary qualifications, for aiding him in protecting his kingdom.  A king that desires his own advancement should never disregard his army.  That king whose soldiers are brave in battle, grateful, and versed in the scriptures, whose army consists of foot-soldiers conversant with the treatises on religion and duty, whose elephant-warriors are fearless, whose car-warriors are skilled in their own mode of fighting and well-versed in shooting arrows and in wielding other weapons, succeeds in subjugating the whole earth.  That king who is always employed in attaching all men to himself, who is ready for exertion, who is rich in friends and allies, becomes the foremost of rulers.  A king who has succeeded in attaching all men unto himself, may, O Bharata, with the aid of even a thousand horsemen of courage, succeed in conquering the whole earth.’”

SECTION CXIX

“Bhishma said, ’That king who, guided by the lesson to be drawn from the story of the dog, appoints his servants to offices for which each is fit, succeeds in enjoying the happiness that is attached to sovereignty.  A dog should not, with honours, be placed in a position above that for which he is fit.  If a dog be placed above the situation which is fit for him, he becomes intoxicated with pride.  Ministers should be appointed to offices for which they are fit and should possess such qualifications as are needed for their respective occupations.  Appointments on unfit persons are not at all approved.  That king who confers on his servants offices for which each is fit, succeeds, in consequence of such merit, to enjoy the happiness attaching to sovereignty.  A Sarabha should occupy the position of a Sarabha;

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