not proper therefore, that I should any longer dwell
with thee. Servants that are discontented, that
have been driven from their offices, or degraded from
the honours that were theirs, that have brought destitution
upon themselves, or have been ruined by their enemies
(through the wrath of their master). that have been
weakened, that are rapacious, or enraged, or alarmed,
or deceived (in respect of their employers), that
have suffered confiscation, that are proud and desirous
of achieving great feats but deprived of the means
or earning wealth, and that burn with grief or rage
in consequence of any injury done to them, always
wait for calamities to overtake their masters.
Deceived, ’they leave their masters and become
effective instruments in the hands of foes. I
have been insulted by thee and pulled down from my
place. How wilt thou trust me again? How
shall I (on my part) continue to dwell with thee?
Thinking me to be competent thou tookest me, and having
examined me thou hadst placed me in office. Violating
the compact then made (between us) thou hast insulted
me. If one speaks of a certain person before
others as possessed of righteous behaviour, one should
not, if desirous of maintaining one’s consistency.
afterwards describe the same person as wicked.
I who have thus been disregarded by thee cannot any
longer enjoy thy confidence. On my part, when
I shall see thee withdraw thy confidence from me, I
shalt be filled with alarm and anxiety. Thyself
suspicious and myself in alarm, our enemies will be
on the look-out for opportunities for injuring us.
Thy subjects will, as a consequence, become anxious
and discontented. Such a state of things has
many faults. The wise do not regard that situation
happy in which there is honour first and dishonour
afterwards. It is difficult to reunite the two
that have been separated, as, indeed, it is difficult
to separate the two that are united. If persons
reunited after separation approach one another again,
their behaviour cannot be affectionate. No servant
is to be seen who is moved (in what he does) by only
the desire of benefiting his master. Service proceeds
from the motive of doing good to the master as also
one’s own self. All acts are undertaken
from selfish motives. Unselfish acts or motives
are very rare. Those kings whose hearts are restless
and unquiet cannot acquire a true knowledge of men.
Only one in a hundred can be found who is either able
or fearless. The prosperity of men, as also their
fall, comes of itself. Prosperity and adversity,
and greatness, all proceed from weakness of understanding."
“Bhishma continued, ’Having said these
conciliatory words fraught with virtue, pleasure,
and profit, and having gratified the king, the jackal
retired to the forest. Without listening to the
entreaties of the king of beasts, the intelligent
jackal cast off his body by sitting in praya and proceeded
to heaven (as the reward of his good deeds on earth).’”