that are, will again be (no more). Grief has
no power to restore them. One should not, therefore,
indulge in grief. Where, O king, is thy sire to-day,
and where thy grandsire? Thou seest them not
today, nor do they see thee now. Reflecting on
thy own instability, who dost thou grieve for them?
Reflect with the aid of thy intelligence, and thou
wilt understand that verily thou shalt cease to be.
Myself, thyself, O king, thy friends, and thy foes,
shall, without doubt, cease to be. Indeed, everything
will cease to be. Those men that are now of twenty
or thirty years of age will, without doubt, all die
within the next hundred years. If a man cannot
have the heart to give up his vast possessions, he
should then endeavour to think his possessions are
not his own and by that means seek to do good to himself.
Acquisitions that are future should be regarded by
one as not one’s own. Acquisitions that
have disappeared, should also be regarded by one as
not one’s own. Destiny should be regarded
as all powerful. They that think in this strain
are said to be possessed of wisdom. Such a habit
of looking at things is an attribute of the good.
Many persons who are equal or superior to thee in intelligence
and exertion, though deprived of wealth, are not only
alive but are never ruling kingdoms. They are
not, like thee. They do not indulge in grief
like thee. Therefore, cease thou to grieve in
this way. Art thou not Superior to those men,
or at least equal to them in intelligence and exertion?’”
The king said, ’I regard the kingdom which I
had with all its appendages to have been won by me
without any exertion. All-powerful Time, however,
O regenerate one, has swept it away. The consequence,
however, that I see, of my kingdom having been swept
away by Time as by a stream, is that I am obliged
to support upon whatever I obtain (by charity).’
“The sage said, ’Moved by the knowledge
of what is true (in life) one should never grieve
for either the past or the future. Be thou of
such a frame of mind. O prince of Kosala, in
respect of every affair that may engage thy attention.
Desiring to obtain only that which is obtainable and
not that which is unobtainable, do thou enjoy thy present
possessions and never grieved for that which is absent.
Be thou delighted, O prince of Kosala, with whatever
thou succeedest in winning with ease. Even if
divested of prosperity, do not grieve for Abut seek
to preserve a pure disposition. Only an unfortunate
man who is of a foolish understanding, when deprived
of former prosperity, censures the supreme Ordainer,
without being contented with his present possessions.
Such a person regards others, however undeserving,
as men blessed with prosperity. For this reason,
they that are possessed of malice and vanity and filled
with a sense of their own importance, suffer more
misery still. Thou however, O king, art not stained
by such vices. Endure the prosperity of others
although thou art thyself divested of prosperity.