the while by bards, in pursuit of the flying combatants.
When enemies, coming to battle tarnish the fame of
a person, the misery the latter feels is more poignant,
I think, than that of death itself. Know that
victory is the root of religious merit and of every
kind of happiness. That which is regarded as the
highest misery by cowards is cheerfully borne by those
that are heroes. Resolved upon acquiring heaven,
we should fight, regardless of life itself, and determined
to conquer or die, attain a blessed end in heaven.
Having taken such an oath, and prepared to throwaway
life itself, heroes should courageously rush against
the enemy’s ranks. In the van should be
placed a division of men armed with swords and shields.
In the rear should be placed the car-division.
In the space intervening should be placed other classes
of combatants. This should be the arrangement
made for assailing the foe. Those combatants
in the army that are veterans should fight in the
van. They would protect their comrades behind
them. Those amongst the army that would be regarded
as foremost for strength and courage, should be placed
in the van. The others should stand behind them.
They that are inspired with fear should, with care,
be comforted and encouraged. These weaker combatants
should be placed on the field (without being withdrawn)
for at least showing the number of the army (to the
foe). If the troops are few, they should be drawn
close together for the fight. At times, if their
leader wishes, the close array may be extended wide.
When a small number of troops is to fight with a great
army, the array called Suchimukha should be formed.
When a small force is engaged with a large one, the
leader of the former may shake hands with his men and
utter loud cries to effect, ‘The enemy has broken!
The enemy has broken!’ Those among them that
are endued with strength should resist the enemy,
loudly unto their comrades, ’Fresh friends have
arrived! Fearlessly strike at your foes!’
Those that are in advance of the rest should utter
loud shouts and make diverse kinds of noises, and should
blow and beat Krakachas, cow-horns, drums, cymbals,
“Yudhishthira said, ’Of what disposition,
of what behaviour, of what form, how acoutred, and
how armed should the combatants be in order that they
may be competent for battle?’
“Bhishma said, ’It is proper that those
weapons and vehicles should be adopted (by particular
bodies of combatants) with which they have become
familiar by use. Brave soldiers, adopting those
weapons and vehicles, engage in battle. The Gandharvas,
the Sindhus, and the Sauviras fight best with their
nails and lances. They are brave and endued with
great strength. Their armies are capable of vanquishing
all forces, The Usinaras are possessed of great strength
and skilled in all kinds of weapons. The Easterners
are skilled in fighting from the backs of elephants