in the world who, having listened to counsels of wisdom,
accepts them, abandoning his own opinions. That
king who does not tolerate the counsels of a well-wisher
in consequence of their opposition to his own views,
who listens with inattention to what is said unto him
in opposition to his views, and who does not always
follow the conduct of high and noble persons conquered
or unconquered, is said to fall away from the duties
of Kshatriyas. From ministers that have once been
chastised, from women in especial, from mountains and
inaccessible regions, from elephants and horses and
reptiles, the king should always, with heedfulness,
protect his own self. That king who, abandoning
his chief ministers, makes favourites of low persons,
soon falls into distress, and never succeeds in compassing
the (intended) ends of his measures. That king
of infirm soul, who, yielding to the influence of
wrath and malice, does not love and honour those amongst
his kinsmen that are possessed of good qualities,
is said to live on the very verge of destruction.
That king, who attaches to himself accomplished persons
by doing good to them even though he may not like
them at heart, succeeds in enjoying fame for ever.
Thou shouldst never impose taxes unseasonably.
Thou shouldst not be grieved at the occurrence of anything
disagreeable, nor rejoice exceedingly at anything
agreeable. Thou shouldst always set thyself to
the accomplishment of good acts. Who amongst the
dependent kings is truly devoted to thee, and who
is loyal to thee from fear, and who amongst them has
faults, should always be ascertained by thee.
The king, even if he be powerful, should trust them
that are weak, for in moments of heedlessness the
weak may assail the powerful like a flock of vultures
seizing their prey. A man of sinful soul seeks
to injure his master even if the latter be sweet-speeched
and possessed of every accomplishment. Do not,
therefore, place thy confidence upon such men.
Nahusha’s son Yayati, in declaring the mysteries
of king-craft, said that a person engaged in ruling
men should slay even foes that are contemptible.’”
“Vamadeva said, ’The king should win victories
without battles. Victories achieved by battles
are not spoken of highly. O monarch, by the wise.
When the sovereign’s own power has not been confirmed,
he should not seek to make new acquisitions.
It is not proper that a king whose power has not been
consolidated should seek to make such acquisitions.
The power of that king whose dominions are wide and
abound with wealth, whose subjects are loyal and contented,
and who has a large number of officers, is said to
be confirmed. That king whose soldiery are contented,
gratified (with pay and prize), and competent to deceive
foes can with even a small force subjugate the whole
earth. The power of that king whose subjects,
whether belonging to the cities or the provinces,
have compassion for all creatures, and possessed of