The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3 eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 2,886 pages of information about The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3.
awaken, O king!  He who succeeds in conquering him becomes a king.  He, on the other hand, who suffers himself to be conquered by him, becomes a slave.  If, O Mandhatri, thou wishest for an eternal life (of felicity), live as a king should that does not indulge in these two, viz., Pride and Unrighteousness!  Abstain from companionship with him that is intoxicated (with pride), him that is heedless (of the dictates of honesty), him that is scoffer of religion, him that is insensate, and forbear to pay court to all of them when united.  Keep thy self aloof from the company of ministers whom thou hast once punished and especially of women, as also from mountains and uneven lands and inaccessible fastnesses and elephants and horses and (noxious) reptiles.  Thou shouldst also give up wandering in the night, and avoid the faults of stinginess and vanity and boastfulness and wrath.  Thou shouldst never have intercourse with unknown women, or those of equivocal sex, or those that are lewd, or those that are the wives of other men, or those that are virgins.  When the king does not restrain vice, a confusion of castes follows, and sinful Rakshasas, and persons of neutral sex, and children destitute of limbs or possessed of thick tongues, and idiots, begin to take birth in even respectable families.  Therefore, the king should take particular care to act righteously, for the benefit of his subjects.  If a king acts heedlessly, a great evil becomes the consequence.  Unrighteousness increases causing a confusion of castes.  Cold sets in during the summer months, and disappears when its proper season comes.  Drought and flood and pestilence afflict the people.  Ominous stars arise and awful comets appear on such occasions.  Diverse other portents, indicating destruction of the kingdom, make their appearance.  If the king does not take measures for his own safety and does not protect his subjects, the latter first meet with destruction and then destruction seizes the king himself.  Two persons combining together snatch the wealth of one, and many acting in concert rob the two.  Maidens are deflowered.  Such a state of things is said to arise from the king’s faults.  All rights of property come to an end among men, when the king, abandoning righteousness, acts heedlessly.’”


“Utathya said, ’If the deity of the clouds pours rain seasonably and the king acts virtuously, the prosperity that ensues maintain the subjects in felicity.  That washerman who does not know how to wash away the filth of cloth without taking away its dye, is very unskilful in his profession.  That person among Brahmanas or Kshatriyas or Vaisyas who, having fallen away from the proper duties of his order, has become a Sudra, is truly to be compared to such a washerman.  Menial service attaches to the Sudra; agriculture to the Vaisya; the science of chastisement to the Kshatriya, and Brahmacharya, penances, mantras, and truth, attach, to the Brahmana. 

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The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3 from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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