The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3 eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 2,886 pages of information about The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3.
with the conclusions of the science of consultation say that kings should always hold consultation in this way.  Having settled counsels in this way, they should then be reduced to practice, for then they will be able to win over all the subjects.  There should be no dwarfs, no humpbacked persons, no one of an emaciated constitution, no one who is lame or blind, no one who is an idiot, no woman, and no eunuch, at the spot where the king holds his consultations.  Nothing should move there before or behind, above or below, or in transverse directions.  Getting up on a boat, or repairing to an open space destitute of grass or grassy bushes and whence the surrounding land may be clearly seen, the king should hold consultations at the proper time, avoiding faults of speech and gestures.’”


“’Bhishma said, ’In this connection, O Yudhishthira, the old account of a conversation between Vrihaspati and Sakra is cited.’

“Sakra said, ’What is that one act, O regenerate one, by accomplishing which with care, a person may become the object of regard with all creatures and acquire great celebrity?’

“Vrihaspati said, ’Agreeableness of speech, O Sakra, is the one thing by practising which a person may become an object of regard with all creatures and acquire great celebrity.  This is the one thing, O Sakra, which gives happiness to all.  By practising it, one may always obtain the love of all creatures.  The person who does not speak a word and whose face is always furrowed with frowns, becomes an object of hatred with all creatures.  Abstention from agreeable speeches makes him so.  That person who, upon beholding others, addresses them first and does so with smiles succeeds in making everyone gratified with him.  Even gifts, if not made with agreeable speeches, do not delight the recipients, like rice without curry.  If even the possessions of men, O Sakra, be taken away with sweet speeches, such sweetness of behaviour succeeds in reconciling the robbed.  A king, therefore, that is desirous of even inflicting chastisement should utter sweet words.  Sweetness of speech never fails of its purpose, while, at the same time it never pains any heart.  A person of good acts and good, agreeable, and sweet speeches, has no equal.’

“Bhishma continued, ’Thus addressed by his priest, Sakra began to act according to those instructions.  Do thou also, O son of Kunti, practise this virtue."’


“Yudhishthira said, ’O foremost of kings, what is that method by which a king ruling his subjects may, in consequence of it, obtain great blessedness and eternal fame?’

“Bhishma said, ’A king of cleansed soul and attentive to the duty of protecting his subjects earns merit and fame, both here and hereafter, by conducting himself righteously.’

“Yudhishthira said, ’With whom should the king behave in what way?  Asked by me, O thou of great wisdom, it behoveth thee to tell me everything duly.  Those virtues of which thou hast already spoken with respect to a person, cannot, it is my belief, be found to exist in any single individual.’

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The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3 from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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