The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3 eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 2,886 pages of information about The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3.

“The Lord of treasures said, ’Many kings of old, more powerful than thou art, aided by their priests, had never approached me thus?  All of them were skilled in weapons and all of them were possessed of might.  Regarding me as the grantor of weal and woe, they approached me for offering worship.  In truth, if thou hast might of arms, it behoves thee to display it.  Why dost thou act so proudly, aided by Brahmana might?’ Enraged at these words, Muchukunda, without pride and fear, said unto the lord of treasures these words fraught with reason and justice, ’The self-born Brahman created the Brahmana and the Kshatriya.  They have a common origin.  If they apply their forces separately, they would never be able to uphold the world.  The power of penances and mantras was bestowed upon Brahmanas; the might of arms and of weapons was bestowed upon Kshatriyas.  Aggrandised by both kinds of might, kings should protect their subjects.  I am acting in that way.  Why dost thou, O lord of Alaka, rebuke me then?’ Thus addressed, Vaisravana said unto Muchukunda and his priest, ’I never, without being ordered by the (self-created) bestow sovereignty upon any one.  Nor do I ever, without being ordered, take it away from any one.  Know this, O king!  Do thou rule then the whole earth without bounds.’  Thus addressed, king Muchukunda replied, saying, ’I do not, O king, desire to enjoy sovereignty obtained as gift from thee!  I desire to enjoy sovereignty obtained by the might of my own arms.’

“Bhishma continued, ’At these words of Muchukunda, Vaisravana, seeing the king fearless in the observance of Kshatriya duties, became filled with surprise.  King Muchukunda, devoted to Kshatriya duties, continued to rule the entire earth obtained by the might of his own arms.  That virtuous king who rules his kingdom, aided by and yielding precedence to the Brahmana, succeeds in subjugating the whole earth and achieving great fame.  The Brahmana should every day perform his religious rites and the Kshatriya should always be armed with weapons.  Between them they are the rightful owners of everything in the universe.’”


“Yudhishthira said, ’Tell me, O grandsire, that conduct by which a king succeeds in aggrandising his subjects and earning regions of felicity in the other world.’

“Bhishma said, ’The king should be liberal and should perform sacrifices, O Bharata!  He should be observant of vows and penances, and should be devoted to the duty of protecting his subjects.  Righteously protecting all his subjects, he should honour all righteous persons by standing up when they come and by making gifts unto them.  If the king regards it, righteousness becomes regarded everywhere.  Whatever acts and things are liked by the king are liked by his subjects.  Unto his foes the king should always be like Death, with the rod of chastisement uplifted in his hands.  He should exterminate

Project Gutenberg
The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3 from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
Follow Us on Facebook