The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3 eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 2,886 pages of information about The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3.
The Kshatriya is the cause of the Brahmana’s growth and the Brahmana is the cause of the Kshatriya’s growth.  When each helps the other, both attain to great prosperity.  If their friendship, existing from days of old, breaks, a confusion sets over everything.  No person desirous of crossing the ocean of life succeeds in his task even as a small boat floating on the bosom of the sea.  The four orders of men become confounded and destruction overtakes all.  If the Brahmana. who is like a tree is protected, gold and honey are showered.  If, on the other hand, he is not protected, it then tears and sins are showered, When Brahmanas fall away from the Vedas and (in the absence of a Kshatriya ruler) seek protection from the scriptures, then Indra does not pour rain seasonably and diverse kinds of calamities ceaselessly afflict the kingdom.  When a sinful wretch having slain a woman or a Brahmana does not incur obloquy in assemblies of fellowmen and has not to stand in fear of the king, then danger threatens the Kshatriya ruler.  In consequence of the sins perpetrated by sinful men, the god Rudra appears in the kingdom.  Indeed, the sinful by their sins bring upon them that god of vengeance.  He then destroys all, the honest and the wicked alike (without making any distinction).’

“Aila said, ’Whence does Rudra spring?  What also is his form?  Creatures are seen to be destroyed by creatures.  Tell me all this, O Kasyapa!  Whence does the god Rudra spring?’

“Kasyapa said, ’Rudra exists in the hearts of men.  He destroys the bodies themselves in which he dwells as also the bodies of others.  Rudra has been said to be like atmospheric visitations and his form is like that of the wind-gods.’

“Aila said, ’The Wind does not, by blowing, visibly destroy men on all occasions, nor does the deity of the clouds do so by pouring rain.  On the other hand, it is seen among men that they lose their senses and are slain through lust and malice.’

“Kasyapa said, ’Fire, blazing forth in one house, burneth a whole quarter or an entire village.  Similarly, this deity stupefies the senses of some one and then that stupefaction touches all, the honest and the wicked alike, without any distinction.’

“Aila said, ’If chastisement touches all viz., the honest and the wicked alike, in consequence of the sins perpetrated by the sinful, why should men, in that case, do acts that are good?  Indeed, why should they not perform wicked acts?’

“Kasyapa said, ’By avoiding all connection with the sinful, one becomes pure and stainless.  In consequence, however, of their being mixed with the sinful, the sinless are overtaken by chastisement.  Wood that is wet, if mixed with wood that is dry, is consumed by fire in consequence of such co-existence.  The sinless, therefore, should never mingle with the sinful.’

“Aila said, ’The earth holds the honest and the wicked.  The sun warms the honest and the wicked.  The wind blows equally for them.  Water cleanses them equally.’

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The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3 from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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