The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3 eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 2,886 pages of information about The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3.

“Brahma said, ’O son, many are those Purushas of whom thou speakest.  The one Purusha, however, of whom I am thinking, transcends all Purushas and is invisible.  The many Purushas that exist in the universe have that one Purusha as their basis; and since that one Purushas is said to be the source whence all the innumerable Purushas have sprung, hence all the latter, if they succeed in divesting themselves of attributes, become competent to enter into that one Purusha who is identified with the universe, who is supreme, who is the foremost of the foremost, who is eternal, and who is himself divested of and is above all attributes.”


’Brahma said,—­’Listen, O son, as to how that Purusha is indicated.  He is eternal and immutable.  He is undeteriorating and immeasurable.  He pervades all things.[1918] O best of all creatures, that Purusha cannot be seen by thee, or me, or others.  Those that are endued with the understanding and the senses but destitute of self-restraint and tranquility of soul cannot obtain a sight of him.  The Supreme Purusha is said to be one that can be seen with the aid of knowledge alone.  Though divested of body, He dwells in every body.  Though dwelling, again, in bodies, He is never touched by the acts accomplished by those bodies.  He is my Antaratma (inner soul).  He is thy inner soul.  He is the all-seeing Witness dwelling within all embodied creatures and engaged in marking their acts.  No one can grasp or comprehend him at any time.  The universe is the crown of his head.  The universe is his arms.  The universe is his feet.  The universe is his eyes.  The universe is his nose.  Alone and single, he roves through all Kshetras (Bodies) unrestrained by any limitations on his will and as he likes.  Kshetra is another name for body.  And because he knows all Kshetras as also all good and bad deeds, therefore he, who is the soul of Yoga, is called by the name of Kshetrajna.[1919] No one succeeds in perceiving how he enters into embodied creatures and how he goes out of them.  Agreeably to the Sankhya mode, as also with the aid of Yoga and the due observance of the ordinances prescribed by it, I am engaged in thinking of the cause of that Purusha, but alas, I am unable to comprehend that cause, excellent as it is.  I shall, however, according to the measure of my knowledge, discourse to thee upon that eternal Purusha and his Oneness and supreme greatness.  The learned speak of him as the one Purusha.  That one eternal Being deserves the appellation of Mahapurusha (the great supreme Purusha).  Fire is an element, but it may be seen to blaze up in a thousand places under thousand different circumstances.  The Sun is one and single, but his rays extend over the wide universe.  Penances are of diverse kinds, but they have one common origin whence they have flowed.  The Wind is one, but it blows in diverse forms in the world.  The great Ocean is the one parent of all the waters in

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The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 3 from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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