his son had been emancipated from all attachments,
but that he himself was not freed therefrom.
At this he became filled with both joy and shame.
As Vyasa was seated there, the auspicious god Siva,
armed with Pinaka, surrounded on all sides by many
deities and Gandharvas and adored by all the great
Rishis came thither. Consoling the Island-born
Rishi who was burning with grief on account of his
son, Mahadeva said these words unto him.—Thou
hadst formerly solicited from me a son possessed of
the energy of Fire, of Water, of Wind, and of Space;
Procreated by thy penances, the son that was born
unto thee was of that very kind. Proceeding from
my grace, he was pure and full of Brahma-energy.
He has attained to the highest end—an end
which none can win that has not completely subjugated
his senses, nor can be won by even any of the deities.
Why then, O regenerate Rishi, dost thou grieve for
that son? As long as the hills will last, as
long as the ocean will last, so long will the fame
of thy son endure undiminished! Through my grace,
O great Rishi thou shalt behold in this world a shadowy
form resembling thy son, moving by the side and never
deserting thee for a single moment!—Thus
favoured by the illustrious Rudra himself, O Bharata,
the Rishi beheld a shadow of his son by his side.
He returned from that place, filled with joy at this.
I have now told thee, O chief of Bharata’s race,
everything regarding the birth and life of Suka about
which thou hadst asked me. The celestial Rishi
Narada and the great Yogin Vyasa had repeatedly told
all this to me in days of yore when the subject was
suggested to him in course of conversation. That
person devoted to tranquillity hears this sacred history
directly connected with the topic of Emancipation is
certain to attain to the highest end."
“Yudhishthira said, ’If a man be a house-holder
or a Brahmacharin, a forest-recluse or a mendicant,
and if he desires to achieve success, what deity should
he adore? How can he certainly acquire heaven
and attain that which is of the highest benefit (viz.,
Emancipation)? According to what ordinances should
he perform the homa in honour of the gods and the
Pitris? What is the region to which one goes when
one becomes emancipated? What is the essence
of Emancipation? What should one do so that one,
having attained to heaven, would not have to fall down
thence? Who is the deity of the deities?
And who is the Pitri of the Pitris? Who is he
that is superior to him, who is the deity of the deities
and the Pitri of the Pitris? Tell me all this,