Without Knowledge it can never be attained. The
wise have said it, O monarch. Hence, one should
strive one’s best for acquiring true Knowledge
in all its details, by which one may succeed in freeing
oneself from birth and death. Obtaining knowledge
from a Brahmana or a Kshatriya or Vaisya or even a
Sudra who is of low birth, one endued with faith should
always show reverence for such knowledge. Birth
and death cannot assail one that is endued with faith.
All orders of men are Brahmanas. All are sprung
from Brahma. All men utter Brahma. Aided
by an understanding that is derived from and directed
to Brahma. I inculcated this science treating
of Prakriti and Purusha. Indeed, this whole universe
is Brahma. From the mouth of Brahma sprung the
Brahmanas; from his arms, sprung the Kshatriyas; from
his navel, the Vaisya; and from his feet, the Sudras.
All the orders, (having sprung in this way) should
not be regarded as pilfering from one another.
Impelled by Ignorance, all men meet with death and
attain, O king, to birth that is the cause of acts.
Divested of Knowledge, all orders of men, dragged by
terrible Ignorance, fall into varied orders of being
due to the principles that flow from Prakriti.
For this reason, all should, by every means, seek to
acquire Knowledge. I have told thee that every
person is entitled to strive for its acquisition.
One that is possessed of Knowledge is a Brahmana.
Others, (viz., Kshatriyas and Vaisyas and Sudras) are
possessed of knowledge. Hence, this science of
Emancipation is always open to them all. This,
O king has been said by the Wise. The questions
thou hadst asked me have all been answered by me agreeably
to the truth. Do thou, therefore, cast off all
grief. Go thou to the other end of this enquiry.
Thy questions were good. Blessings on thy head
“Bhishma continued—Thus instructed
by the intelligent Yajnavalkya the king of Mithila
became filled with joy. The king honoured that
foremost of ascetics by walking round his person.
Dismissed by the monarch, he departed from his court.
King Daivarati, having obtained the knowledge of the
religion of Emancipation, took his seat, and touching
a million of kine and a quantity of gold and a measure
of gems and jewels, gave them away unto a number of
Brahmanas. Installing his son in the sovereignty
of the Videhas, the old king began to live, adopting
the practices of the Yatis. Thinking mainly of
all ordinary duties and their derelictions (as laid
down in the scriptures), the king began to study the
science of the Sankhyas and the Yogins in their entirety.
Regarding himself to be Infinite, he began to reflect
on only the Eternal and Independent One. He cast
off all ordinary duties and their derelictions, Virtue
and Vice, Truth and Falsehood, Birth and Death, and
all other things appertaining to the principles produced
by Prakriti. Both Sankhyas and Yogins, agreeably
to the teachings of their sciences, regard this universe