reverence for superiors, benevolence, compassion for
all creatures, frankness, abstention from talk upon
kings and men in authority, from all false and useless
discourses, and from applause and censure of others.
The self-restrained man becomes desirous of emancipation
and, quietly bearing present joys and griefs, is never
exhilarated or depressed by prospective ones.
Destitute of vindictiveness and all kinds of guile,
and unmoved by praise and blame, such a man is well-behaved,
has good manners, is pure of soul, has firmness or
fortitude, and is a complete master of his passions.
Receiving honours in this world, such a man in afterlife
goes to heaven. Causing all creatures to acquire
what they cannot acquire without his aid, such a man
rejoices and becomes happy. Devoted to universal
benevolence, such a man never cherishes animosity
for any one. Tranquil like the ocean at a dead
calm, wisdom fills his soul and he is never cheerful.
Possessed of intelligence, and deserving of universal
reverence, the man of self-restraint never cherishes
fear of any creature and is feared by no creature
in return. That man who never rejoices even at
large acquisitions and never feels sorrow when overtaken
by calamity, is said to be possessed of contented
wisdom. Such a man is said to be self-restrained.
Indeed, such a man is said to be a regenerate being.
Versed with the scriptures and endued with a pure soul,
the man of self-restraint, accomplishing all those
acts that are done by the good, enjoys their high
fruits. They, however, that are of wicked soul
never betake themselves to the path represented by
benevolence, forgiveness, tranquillity, contentment,
sweetness of speech, truth, liberality and comfort.
Their path consists of lust and wrath and cupidity
and envy of others and boastfulness. Subjugating
lust and wrath, practising the vow of Brahmacharya
and becoming a complete master of his senses, the
Brahmana, exerting himself with endurance in the austerest
of penances, and observing the most rigid restraints,
should live in this world, calmly waiting for his
time like one seeming to have a body though fully
knowing that he is not subject to destruction.’”
“Yudhishthira said, ’The three regenerate
classes, who are given to sacrifices and other rites,
sometimes eat the remnants, consisting of meat and
wine, of sacrifices in honour of the deities, from
motives of obtaining children and heaven. What,
O grandsire, is the character of this act?’
“Bhishma said, ’Those who eat forbidden
food without being observant of the sacrifices and
vows ordained in the Vedas are regarded as wilful men.
(They are regarded as fallen even here). Those,
on the other hand, who eat such food in the observance
of Vedic sacrifices and vows and induced by the desire
of fruits in the shape of heaven and children, ascend
to heaven but fall down on the exhaustion of their