him by his words said, ’Thou hadst earned the
full measure I of virtue by thy earthly deeds, and
this region (that thou hadst won) is eternal, as thy
deeds are in heaven. Thou hadst, however, O royal
sage, destroyed thy acquisition by thy vanity alone,
and thereby covered the hearts of all the denizens
of heaven with darkness in consequence of which none
of them could recognise thee. And since thou
couldst not be recognised, thou wert hurled hence!
Saved once more by the love and affection of thy daughter’s
sons, thou hast once more arrived here, and regained
this unchangeable, eternal, sacred, excellent, stable,
and indestructible region won before by thy own deeds.’
Thus addressed, Yayati said, ’O holy one, I have
a doubt, which, it behoveth thee, to dispel.
O Grandsire of all the worlds, it behoveth me not
to ask any one else. Great was my merit, augmented
by a (virtuous) rule over my subjects for many thousands
of years and won by innumerable sacrifices and gifts.
How could merit (so great) be exhausted so soon in
consequence of which I was hurled hence? Thou
knowest, O holy one, that the regions created for
me were all eternal. Why were all those regions
of mine destroyed, O thou of great effulgence?
The Grandsire answered, saying, ’Thy merit,
augmented by a (virtuous) rule over thy subjects for
many thousands of years and won by innumerable sacrifices
and gifts, was exhausted by only one fault, in consequence
of which thou wert hurled (from this region).
That fault, O king of kings, was thy vanity for which
thou hadst become an object of contempt with all the
residents of heaven. O royal sage, this region
can never be rendered eternal by vanity, or pride
of strength, or malice, or deceitfulness, or deception.
Never disregard those that are inferior, or superior,
or in the middle station. There is not a greater
sinner than he who is consumed by the fire of vanity.
Those men that will converse upon this fall and re-ascension
of thine, will, without doubt, be protected even if
overtaken by calamity.’
“Narada continued, ’O monarch, even such
was the distress into which Yayati fell in consequence
of vanity, and such was the distress into which Galava
fell owing to his obstinacy. They that desire
their own good should listen to friends that wish
them well. Obstinacy should never be entertained,
for obstinacy is always the root of ruin. For
this reason, O son of Gandhari, forsake vanity and
wrath, O hero, make peace with the sons of Pandu.
Avoid anger, O king, that which is given away, that
which is done, the austerities that are practised,
the libations that are poured on fire, nor one of
these is ever destroyed or suffereth any diminution.
None else, again, enjoyeth the fruits of these save
he that is their agent. He that succeedeth in
understanding this truly superior and excellent history,
that is approved by persons of great learning as well
as by those that are freed from anger and lust, and
that is enforced by various references to scriptures
and reason, obtaineth a knowledge of virtue and profit
and desire, and enjoyeth the sovereignty of the whole