quarter, O best of all regenerate persons, is the
gate of Day and Time. There the daughters of Daksha,
in primeval times, gave birth to their children.
There the sons of Kasyapa first multiplied. That
quarter is the source of all the prosperity of the
gods, for it was there that Sakra was first anointed
as the king of the celestials. It was there,
O regenerate Rishi, that both Indra and the gods underwent
their ascetic penances. It is for this, O Brahmana,
that this quarter is called Purva (the first).
And because in the earliest of times this quarter
was overspread by the Suras, it is for this that it
is called Purva. The gods, desirous of prosperity,
performed all their religious ceremonies here.
It was here that the divine Creator of the universe
first sang the Vedas. It was here that the Gayatri
was first preached by Surya unto the reciters of that
sacred hymn. It was here, O best of Brahmanas,
that the Yajurvedas were delivered by Surya (unto
Yajnavalkya). It was here that the Soma juice,
sanctified by boons, was first drunk in sacrifices
by Suras. It was here that the Homa-fires, (gratified
by mantras), first drank articles of cognate origin.
It was here that Varuna first repaired to the nether
regions, and attained to all his prosperity.
It was here, O bull among the twice-born, that the
birth, growth, and death of the ancient Vasishtha took
place. Here first grew the hundred different
branches of Om! It was here that the smoke-eating
Munis are the smoke of sacrificial fires. It was
in that region that myriads of boars and other animals
were killed by Sakra and offered as sacrificial portions
unto the gods. It is here that the thousand-rayed
sun, arising, consumeth, out of ire, all those that
are wicked and ungrateful among men and the Asuras.
This is the gate of the three worlds. This is
the path of heaven and felicity. This quarter
is called Purva (east). We will go hither, if
it pleaseth thee. I shall always do what is agreeable
to him who is my friend. Tell me, O Galava, if
any other quarter pleaseth thee, for we will then go
there. Listen now to what I say of another quarter.’”
“Garuda continued, ’In days of yore, Vivaswat,
having performed a sacrifice, gave this quarter away
as a present (Dakshina) unto his preceptor, And it
is for this that this region is known by the name of
Dakshina (south). It is here that the Pitris of
the three worlds have their habitation. And,
O Brahmana, it is said that a class of celestials
subsisting upon smoke alone also live there. Those
celestials also that go by the name of Viswedevas
always dwell in this region along with the Pitris.
Worshipped in sacrifices in all the worlds, they are
equal sharers with the Pitris. This quarter is
called the second door of Yama. It is here that
the periods allotted to men are calculated in Trutis
and Lavas. In this region always dwell the celestial