The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 2 eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 1,984 pages of information about The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 2.

“Vidura said, ’Even if unasked, one should speak truly, whether his words be good or bad, hateful or pleasing, unto him whose defeat one doth not wish.  I shall, therefore, say, O king, what is for the good of the Kurus.  I shall say what is both beneficial and consistent with morality.  Listen to me.  Do not, O Bharata, set the heart upon means of success that are unjust and improper.  A man of intelligence must not grieve if any purpose of his doth not succeed, notwithstanding the application of fair and proper means.  Before one engageth in an act, one should consider the competence of the agent, the nature of the act itself, and its purpose, for all acts are dependent on these.  Considering these one should begin an act, and not take it up on a sudden impulse.  He that is wise should either do an act or desist from it fully considering his own ability, the nature of the act, and the consequence also of success.  The king who knoweth not proportion or measure as regards territory, gain, loss, treasury, population, and punishment, cannot retain his kingdom long.  He, on the other hand, who is acquainted with the measures of these as prescribed in treatises, being necessarily possessed of the knowledge of religion and profit, can retain his kingdom.  As the stars are affected by the planets, so is this world affected by the senses, when they are directed, uncontrolled, to their respective objects.  Like the moon during the lighted fortnight, calamities increase in respect of him who is vanquished by the five senses in their natural state, which ever lead him towards various acts.  He who wisheth to control his counsellors before controlling his own self, or to subdue his adversaries before controlling his counsellors, at last succumbs deprived of strength.  He, therefore, who first subdueth his own self regarding it as a foe, never faileth to subdue his counsellors and adversaries at last.  Great prosperity waiteth upon him who hath subdued his senses, or controlled his soul, or who is capable of punishing all offenders, or who acteth with judgment or who is blessed with patience.  One’s body, O king, is one’s car; the soul within is the driver; and the senses are its steeds.  Drawn by those excellent steeds, when well-trained, he that is wise, pleasantly performeth the journey of life, and awake in peace.  The horses that are unbroken and incapable of being controlled, always lead an unskilful driver to destruction in the course of the journey; so one’s senses, unsubdued, lead only to destruction.  The inexperienced wight, who, led by this unsubdued senses, hopeth to extract evil from good and good from evil, necessarily confoundeth misery with happiness.  He, who, forsaking religion and profit, followeth the lead of his senses, loseth without delay prosperity, life, wealth and wife.  He, who is the master of riches but not of his senses, certainly loseth his riches in consequence of his want of mastery over his senses.  One should seek to know one’s self by means of one’s own

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The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 2 from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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