FIRING POINT OF EXPLOSIVES, HEAT TESTS, &c.
Horsley’s Apparatus—Table of Firing points—The Government Heat-Test Apparatus for Dynamites—Nitro-Glycerine, Nitro-Cotton, and Smokeless Powders—Liquefaction and Exudation Tests—Page’s Regulator for Heat-Test Apparatus—Specific Gravities of Explosives—Table of Temperature of Detonation, Sensitiveness, &c.
The Firing Point of Explosives.—The firing point of an explosive may be determined as follows:—A copper dish, about 3 inches deep, and 6 or more wide, and fitted with a lid, also of copper, is required. The lid contains several small holes, into each of which is soldered a thick copper tube about 5 mm. in diameter, and 3 inches long, with a rather larger one in the centre in which to place a thermometer. The dish is filled with Rose’s metal, or paraffin, according to the probable temperature required. The firing point is then taken thus:—After putting a little piece of asbestos felt at the bottom of the centre tube, the thermometer is inserted, and a small quantity of the explosive to be tested is placed in the other holes; the lid is then placed on the dish containing the melted paraffin or metal, in such a way that the copper tubes dip below the surface of the liquid; the temperature of the bath is now raised until the explosive fires, and the temperature noted. The initial temperature should also be noted.
THE FIRING POINT OF VARIOUS EXPLOSIVES (by C. E. Munroe).
(Horsley’s Apparatus used.)