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Nitro-Explosives: A Practical Treatise eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 271 pages of information about Nitro-Explosives.

CHAPTER IV.—­DYNAMITE.

Kieselguhr Dynamite—­Classification of Dynamites—­Properties and
Efficiency of Ordinary Dynamite—­Other forms of Dynamite—­Gelatine and
Gelatine Dynamites, Suitable Gun-Cotton for, and Treatment of—­Other
Materials Used—­Composition of Gelignite—­Blasting Gelatine—­Gelatine
Dynamite—­Absorbing Materials—­Wood Pulp—­Potassium Nitrate, &c.—­
Manufacture, &c.—­Apparatus Used—­The Properties of the Gelatine Compounds

Chapter V.—­Nitro-benzol, roburite, bellite, picric acid, &c.

Explosives derived from Benzene—­Toluene and Nitro-Benzene—­Di- and
Tri-nitro-Benzene—­Roburite:  Properties and Manufacture—­Bellite: 
Properties, &c.—­Securite—­Tonite No. 3.—­Nitro-Toluene—­
Nitro-Naphthalene—­Ammonite—­Sprengel’s Explosives—­Picric Acid—­
Picrates—­Picric Powders—­Melinite—­Abel’s Mixture—­Brugere’s Powders—­
The Fulminates—­Composition, Formula, Preparation, Danger of, &c.—­
Detonators:  Sizes, Composition, Manufacture—­Fuses, &c.

The fulminates.

Composition, Formula, Preparation, Danger of, &c.—­Detonators:  Sizes,
Composition, Manufacture—­Fuses, &c.

CHAPTER VI.—­SMOKELESS POWDERS IN GENERAL.

Cordite—­Axite—­Ballistite—­U.S.  Naval Powder—­Schultze’s E.C.  Powder—­
Indurite—­Vielle Poudre—­Walsrode and Cooppal Powders—­Amberite—­
Troisdorf—­B.N.  Powder—­Wetterin—­Normal Powder—­Maximite—­Picric Acid
Powders, &c. &c.

CHAPTER VII.—­ANALYSIS OF EXPLOSIVES.

Kieselguhr Dynamite—­Gelatine Compounds—­Tonite—­Cordite—­Vaseline—­ Acetone—­Scheme for Analysis of Explosives—­Nitro-Cotton—­Solubility Test—­ Non-Nitrated Cotton—­Alkalinity—­Ash and Inorganic Matter—­Determination of Nitrogen—­Lunge, Champion and Pellet’s, Schultze-Tieman, and Kjeldahl’s Methods—­Celluloid—­Picric Acid and Picrates—­Resinous and Tarry Matters—­ Sulphuric Acid and Hydrochloric Acid and Oxalic Acid—­Nitric Acid—­ Inorganic Impurities—­General Impurities and Adulterations—­Potassium Picrate, &c.—­Picrates of the Alkaloids—­Analysis of Glycerine—­Residue—­ Silver Test—­Nitration—­Total Acid Equivalent—­Neutrality—­Free Fatty Acids—­Combined Fatty Acids—­Impurities—­Oleic Acid—­Sodium Chloride—­ Determination of Glycerine—­Waste Acids—­Sodium Nitrate—­Mercury Fulminate—­Cap Composition—­Table for Correction of Volumes of Gases, for Temperature and Pressure

CHAPTER VIII.—­FIRING POINT OF EXPLOSIVES, HEAT TESTS, &C.

Horsley’s Apparatus—­Table of Firing Points—­The Government Heat Test
Apparatus, &c., for Dynamites, Nitro-Glycerine, Nitro-Cotton, and
Smokeless Powders—­Guttmann’s Heat Test—­Liquefaction and Exudation Tests—­
Page’s Regulator for Heat Test Apparatus—­Specific Gravities of
Explosives—­Will’s Test for Nitro-Cellulose—­Table of Temperature of
Detonation, Sensitiveness, &c.

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